Definition: A child with a Visual Impairment, including Blindness shall have a deficiency in visual acuity and/or visual field and/or visual functioning where, even with the use of lenses or corrective devices, he/she is prevented from receiving reasonable educational benefit from general education.
Children and youth who are blind or have low vision in Colorado have access to a range of services for their education and social support. The majority of students who are blind or low vision attend a public school in Colorado. Close to 60 students are served at the Colorado School for the Blind, which is located on the campus of the Colorado School for the Deaf and the Blind in Colorado Springs. Almost every Colorado administrative unit has employed or has contract access to a teacher certified in the area of blindness/visual impairment (TVI) and a certified Orientation and mobility Specialist. These individuals work with other educational team members to ensure that the students who are blind or have low vision have access to the general education curriculum and the related services that are identified on their Individualized Education Programs.
- Guidelines and Documents
- Colorado Braille Competency Testing
- Unified English Braille (UEB) Support Documents and Resources
State Eligibility and Demographic Information in Colorado
House Bill 11-1277, which was passed in May 2011, made several conforming amendments in the Exceptional Children's Education Act (ECEA) to align with federal terms and requirements and/or terminology used in the field. The changes to the Colorado eligibility categories and their eligibility criteria were approved by the Colorado State Board of Education and finalized in the Rules for the Administration of the Exceptional Children's Act in October 2012.
Colorado Administrative Units can begin to use the new disability definition and eligibility criteria as of November 2012. These definitions and criteria must be fully implemented no later than July 1, 2016.
Definition and Eligibility Criteria
Visual Disability (prior to HB11-1277)
Visual Impairment, Including Blindness (post HB11-1277)
Demographics of Students with Visual Impairment, Including Blindness
- Colorado Services for Children and Youth with Combined Vision and Hearing Loss Project
- Deafblindness (combined vision and hearing loss)
- Specific Learning Disability (SLD)
For more information on Visual Impairment including Blindness, please contact: