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Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972

Title IX States

"No person in the U.S. shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance"

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972

Sex Discrimination

The purpose of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is to eliminate discrimination on the basis of sex in any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance. The following link addresses frequently asked questions about sex discrimination and describes the schools and programs that are covered by Title IX, who is protected under Title IX, and provides a brief summary of the school and program responsibilities under Title IX.

Frequently Asked Questions about Sex Discrimination

NEW (2020) Title IX Regulations Regarding Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence

On May 6, 2020, the U.S. Department of Education released the Department's final Title IX rule which amends the regulations implementing Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. The final regulations specify how recipients of Federal financial assistance, including elementary and secondary schools, must respond to allegations of sexual harassment and sexual assault consistent with Title IX’s prohibition against sex discrimination. For more information on the new regulations, visit: Sex-Based Harassment.  


Implementing Regulations 

U.S. Department of Education

34 C.F.R. Part 106 (current regulations)

34 C.F.R. Part 106 (old regulations)


Webinar Series

An Overview of the New Title IX Rule: What it is and Steps to Take

This two-part informational webinar series was delivered virtually Oct 2020, by the Colorado Department of Education (CDE), in collaboration with the Colorado Association of School Boards (CASB). For more information, or to request a copy of the series, please contact Rebekah Ottenbreit at

Obligation to Designate a Title IX Coordinator

The U.S. Department of Education's Implementing Regulations 34 C.F.R. Part 106 and the new Title lX Regulations require that all recipients of Federal financial assistance, including elementary and secondary schools, designate at least one responsible employee to coordinate the efforts to comply with Title lX of the Education Amendments of 1972.

District Title lX Coordinators can also be found at Civil Rights Coordinators Data Website.

Questions and Answers on Civil Rights and School Reopening

May 2021, the U.S. Department of Education issued a Questions and Answers document on Civil Rights and School Reopening in the COVID-19 Environment.  This document provides answers to common questions about schools’ responsibilities under civil rights laws, including Title IX.  Questions specific to Title IX begin on page 20 and continue to the end of the document.


Questions regarding Title IX may be referred to the Title IX Coordinator or to the Denver Office for Civil Rights.

Denver Office for Civil Rights
Region VIII Office
U.S. Department of Education

Phone: 303-844-5695


Complaints should be filed with the individual school, district, or institution. However, a complaint may also be filed with the Office for Civil Rights: How to File a Discrimination Complaint.

Anti-Retaliation Provision

It is unlawful to retaliate against individuals, including Title IX Coordinators, for:

  • Filing a Title IX complaint
  • Participating in a Title IX investigation, hearing or proceeding
  • Advocating for others’ Title IX rights

For more information, see:

For questions regarding school and district obligations under Title IX, contact:

Rebekah Ottenbreit
Colorado Department of Education Office of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Education
1560 Broadway, Suite 1100
Denver, CO 80202
Phone: 303-907-9331