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NEW Title IX Regulations Regarding Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence
On November 29, 2018, draft regulations for Title IX rule making were released for 60 days of public comment. May 6, 2020, Secretary DeVos released the Department's final Title IX rule which amends the regulations implementing Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. The final regulations specify how recipients of Federal financial assistance, including elementary and secondary schools, must respond to allegations of sexual harassment and assault consistent with Title IX’s prohibition against sex discrimination. The new Title IX regulations include numerous changes to previous Title IX guidance. Title IX Coordinators should work with district legal counsel to understand how the new regulations affect the district’s Title IX policies and procedures and make revisions, as necessary. The new regulations go into effect Aug 14, 2020.
Questions regarding the new Title IX regulations may be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org
For technical assistance, please contact the Office for Civil Rights OPEN Center
For more information on the Office for Civil Rights Outreach, Prevention, Education, and Non-discrimination (OPEN) Center, see the press release on the New, Proactive Civil Rights Compliance Center
Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence
The new Title IX Regulations' definition of sexual harassment replaces the previous Title IX definition of sex-based harassment. Under the new regulations, sexual harassment, as defined by Title IX, is conduct on the basis of sex that meets one or more of the following descriptions:
A school employee conditioning an educational benefit, service or an individual’s participation in an educational activity upon unwelcome sexual conduct (“quid pro quo”)
Unwelcome conduct determined by a reasonable person to be “so severe, pervasive and objectively offensive” that it effectively denies the victim access to the school’s education programs
“Sexual assault,” “dating violence,” “domestic violence,” or “staking” as those terms are defined under the Clery Act and the Violence Against Women Act
Sexual harassment can include conduct that is verbal, physical or other types of conduct that targets a person based on their sex and that the person finds unwelcome. Anyone, regardless of race, sexual orientation, disability status, or gender identity might be a victim or perpetrator of sexual harassment.
For more information, reference the section above, NEW Title IX Regulations Regarding Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence
Civil Rights Initiative to Combat Sexual Assault in Public Schools
- Compliance Reviews: to be conducted by the Office for Civil Rights
- Public Awareness and Support: to be provided by the Office for Civil Rights
- Data Quality Reviews: to be conducted by the Office for Civil Rights
- Proposed CRDC Data Collection: OCR has proposed, for the 2019-2020 data collection, to collect more detailed data on sexual assault. The proposed data collection includes incidents perpetrated by school staff or school personnel. If adopted, the inclusion of this data would make the CRDC collection the first universal collection to gather such data systemically by school.
Read the press release at Civil Rights Initiate to Combat Sexual Assault in Public Schools
For more information on how the Office for Civil Rights plans to combat sexual violence in public schools, view this OCR Short Webinar on Sexual Violence in Public Schools
Considerations for School District Sexual Misconduct Policies
In September 2016, the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault issued Considerations for School District Sexual Misconduct Policies highlighting a number of factors to assist districts in drafting a sexual misconduct policy. The Task Force recommends that districts consider developing a separate sexual misconduct policy or including a separate section in existing comprehensive anti-discrimination policy dedicated to addressing the unique issues of sexual misconduct. Use of a comprehensive drafting process which considers the unique aspects of the district and consultation with legal counsel to ensure full compliance with all applicable laws are also recommended.
Prevention and Education
The Office for Civil Rights recommends preventative education programs that include:
- What constitutes sexual harassment and sexual violence
- School’s policies, procedures, and consequences
- How to report sexual harassment and sexual violence
- For educators, students, and parents
Gender-Based Harassment and Bullying
Gender-based harassment, also covered under Title IX, is unwelcome conduct based on an individual’s actual or perceived sex, gender identity, or nonconformity with sex stereotypes. Gender-based harassment may include:
- Acts of verbal, nonverbal or physical aggression
- Intimidation or hostility based on sex or sex-stereotyping or failure to conform to perceived sex or sex-stereotypes
Such acts are considered to be gender-based harassment even if they do not involve conduct of a sexual nature because the conduct is sex-based.
Title IX prohibits sexual harassment and gender-based harassment of all students, regardless of the sex of the harasser or the target and regardless of the actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity of the harasser or the target.
For more information on gender-based harassment, harassment and bullying, see:
- Harassment and Bullying Background, Summary and Fast Facts Oct 26, 2010
- Oct 26, 2010 Dear Colleague letter on Harassment and Bullying
Bullying Prevention and Education
For information on bullying prevention and education, see:
- Colorado Department of Education, Office of Learning Supports, Bullying Prevention and Education
- Centers for Disease Control Understanding Bullying Fact Sheet
- National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments