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Aztec Mendoza Resource Set
The resource set includes additional sources to accompany the Primary Source Set and Lesson Ideas to help extend lessons and further student understanding. Primary Source Analysis Worksheets are available on the Elementary Primary Source Sets main page.
The Mendoza Codex combines Aztec pictograms with Spanish text.
The Codex contains a wealth of information about the Aztecs and their empire. For instance, the Codex’s frontispiece relates information about the organization and foundation of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan.
This section of the Codex shows the division of Tenochtitlan into four parts which was intended to mirror the organization of the universe, believed to be four parts aligned with the four cardinal directions (north, east, south, west)
This section of the Codex shows two scenes of military conquest. The artist emphasizes the military power of the Aztecs by showing two soldiers in hierarchic scale: they physically tower over the two men they defeat. The Aztec warriors are also identified by their shields.
This topographical map of Mexico City and its surroundings dates from around 1550, some three decades after the conquest of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán by Hernán Cortés in 1521.
From The Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1923.