Tiered Intervention Grants (known nationally as School Improvement Grants)
The purpose of the Tiered Intervention Grant (TIG)/School Improvement Grant (SIG) is to provide supports to districts with schools in the lowest five percent of Title I schools and high schools with graduation rates below 60% (called “priority schools” under federal accountability). Two cohorts of TIG/SIG awardees have completed implementation of the grant. A summative evaluation was conducted to determine the changes in overall performance based on School Performance Frameworks (SPF) and achievement based on percent proficient and advanced in reading and math. Both SPF rating and achievement are part of the criteria used to identify priority schools as eligible for this grant. Therefore, improvement on these performance measures are goals of the grant and were analyzed across the implementation years. Additional analyses were conducted to determine changes in reading and math median growth percentiles of the participating schools across the years of grant implementation. Of the schools that implemented the grant for the full three years, 55% met exit criteria [earned one of the state’s two highest SPF ratings (Performance or Improvement) for two consecutive years] and are no longer in priority status. Increases in reading and math achievement and growth were also noted for large percentages of the schools. For example, 89% and 84% of the schools had a higher percent proficient and advanced on reading and math, respectively, at the end of the grant than they did prior to implementation. Nonetheless, some schools continue to struggle. Further qualitative analyses are being conducted to determine what strategies and practices are common across the higher performing schools or those with the greatest increases, in comparison to the schools that are continuing to struggle after grant implementation.
High Achieving Schools Study
Five schools were identified for a comprehensive study of how they are attaining higher academic achievement than other schools in the state for English Learners. Students with Disabilities, students experiencing poverty, and minority students. The school leadership, personnel, and families participated in surveys, focus groups, and interviews to help identify the factors contributing to the schools' success with the identified groups. The following reports summarize the study purpose and methods, overall findings across schools, and findings within each school (the individual reports are coming soon).
- Introduction Report - Purpose and Methods of the Study - (PDF)
- Overal Findings: Common Practices and Procedures across Schools - (PDF)
Title I, Part A ~ Schoolwide versus Targeted Assistance Programs
Hierarchical Linear Modeling was used to determine if the growth trajectories of student reading and math performance varied for students that were served in Title I schoolwide schools or targeted assistance schools, compared to students with similar backgrounds who did not receive any Title I services. A follow up study was done to test the relationship between schools’ Per Pupil Allocation and the Median Growth Percentiles of the schools.
Quantitative data was used to identify Title I schools that had attained high growth with their lowest performing students (Catch-Up Students on the Colorado Growth Model). A comprehensive school study was conducted of each school to determine areas of strength and strategies that can be shared with other Title I schools. Reports are available on each school on our HGS Study webpage.
- Summary Report of the findings from the study – (PDF)
- For more information about the project and findings visit the HGS Study Webpage.
Title I funds were awarded on a competitive basis to support summer school programs in the summer of 2010. Because this was a pilot study, one of the grant requirements was submission of program implementation data. Data submitted by grantees and the state assessment data were used to conduct a statewide evaluation of the effectiveness of summer school programs in increasing student performance from the year before to the year after the summer school program implementation. The impact of the program varied by grantee: some experience greater success in increasing student performance the year following the grant. English Language Learners, who participated in summer school programs, experienced a greater increase in performance in comparison to their academic and linguistic peers. The more effective math programs implemented, on average, between 19 to 57 hours of math programming. The more effective reading programs had more variability in the average number of hours provided.
While conducting this evaluation, it was noted that many of the more successful grantees had also implemented other federally-funded programs (such as Title I, Part A Supplemental Educational Services or Title II, Part B Math and Science Partnership Programs). Therefore, follow-up analyses were conducted to ascertain the combined effects of multiple programs. Schools that had implemented multiple federally-funded programs had significantly higher increased on the percentage points earned on the State’s Performance Framework than schools that did not implement any of the studied programs. Further investigation of these trends has been planned.
- Summary Report of the findings of the Summer School Evaluation and the Impact of Multiple Programs - (PDF)
The goal of the School Improvement Grant (SIG) was to target low performing Title I schools and provide an intensive two year intervention aimed at improving students’ academic achievement. The OMNI Institute was contracted to conduct an evaluation of the SIGs implemented across several years (2004-2005 through 2007-2008).
- Evaluation Report on School Improvement Grant Process, June 2010, from OMNI Institute – (PDF)
- For more information about the project and findings visit the SIG Webpage.
Supplemental Educational Services (SES) is a program wherein district Title I funds are set aside to provide tutoring to students at no expense to the student. The tutoring is offered outside of the school day. CDE is required to evaluate the effectiveness of the SES program implemented in Colorado, including evaluating the effectiveness of each provider. In prior years, CDE has contracted with an outside evaluation firm to conduct the evaluation.
- Each year’s evaluation report, as well as a table that summarizes the longitudinal findings can be viewed by clicking below:
- 2012-2013 Evaluation Report by CDE (Content) - (PDF)
- 2012-2013 Evaluation Report by CDE (Hours) - (PDF)
- 2012-2013 Evaluation Report by CDE (ELD) - (PDF)
- 2012-2013 Evaluation Report by CDE (Districts) - (PDF)
- 2009-2010 Evaluation Report by OMNI Institute – (PDF)
- 2008-2009 Evaluation Report by OMNI Institute – (PDF)
- 2007-2008 Evaluation Report by OMNI Institute – (PDF)
- In August 2014, CDE conducted an SES data collection and submission webinar
- In May 2012, CDE conducted a webinar to summarize the 2010-2011 SES Evaluation findings
- For more information about the project and findings visit the SES Webpage.
This program provides funding to support the education of youth in state-operated institutions and provides assistance to school districts that work with local facilities that serve adjudicated youth. Colorado receives formula funds based on the number of students in state institutions and local facilities. Facility report cards and statewide reports are generated annually to present the academic and vocational performance of students within the facilities.
- PowerPoint on Statewide Performance (PDF)
- For more information about the project and findings visit the Title I, Part D Webpage
- Video Recording of the Title I, Part D Annual Count Training - October 23, 2014
- Title I, Part D Annual Count Training PowerPoint (PDF)
- Title I, Part D Local Institution Blue Form (XLS)
- Title I, Part D State Agency Tan Form (XLS)
Title II, Part A is intended to increase student academic achievement by improving teacher and principal quality. This includes increasing the number of Highly Qualified teachers in classrooms, improving the skills of principals and assistant principals in schools, and increasing the effectiveness of teachers and principals. A study was conducted to determine how districts were allocating their IIA funds and the changes in IIA district allocations across years (2003-2004 compared to 2008-2009).
- Title II, Part A Dissemination Report – (PDF)
- For more information about the project and findings visit the Title II, Part A Webpage.
Title II-B, Mathematics and Science Partnerships (MSP), is intended to increase the academic achievement of students in math and/or science by enhancing the content knowledge and teaching skills of classroom teachers. This grant provides districts and schools with the opportunity to partner with faculty from the science, technology, engineering, and/or mathematics (STEM) departments in institutions of higher education. CDE evaluates the statewide impact of the partnerships in the year subsequent to funding (evaluation reports are one year lagged to due to the data collection periods and reliance on state assessments which are not ready for analyses until the year after implementation).
- 2011-2013 MSP Evaluation Report - (PDF)
- 2011-2013 MSP Evaluation Webinar Recording
- 2010-2011 MSP Evaluation Report – (PDF)
- 2009-2010 MSP Evaluation Report – (PDF)
- Program Evaluation findings varied by grantee. Several grantees successfully increased teachers’ math and science knowledge based on pre- to post-test results of Teacher Content Knowledge. Trends of an implementation lag were detected and will continue to be tested in future evaluations.
- For more information about the project and findings visit the Title II, Part B Webpage
Title II, Part D Statewide Evaluation (Final Year of Analyses)
The primary goal of this program is to improve student achievement through the use of technology in elementary and secondary schools. CDE evaluated the impact of the program in the final year of funding.
Title III is designed to improve the education of Limited English Proficient (LEP) students by helping them learn English and meet challenging state academic content and student academic achievement standards.
- Summary of findings from analyses of High Growth Districts’ Use of Funds ~ coming soon
- Summary of findings from the qualitative analyses of the program ~ coming soon
- For more information about the project and findings visit the Title III, Part A Webpage.
For Additional Information Contact:
Nazanin Mohajeri-Nelson, Ph.D.
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Tina Negley, M.A.
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Donna Morganstern, Ph.D.
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