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Title I, Part A

Title I, Part A, provides resources to help ensure that all children have the opportunity to receive a quality education, resulting in their attainment of high academic standards. Title I targets resources to districts and schools whose needs are the greatest. The program is the largest ESEA program supporting both elementary and secondary education. The USDE allocates funds based on census poverty rates from ages 5 through 17. Essentially, Title I focuses on providing additional instructional time in the areas of reading and math. Eligibility is based on statutory formulas.

Ways in which schools and districts can use Title I dollars include:

  • Extended-time programs (such as before/after school programs, summer school)
  • Parent Involvement
  • Professional development
  • Support for scientifically-based programs and strategies

Even though the amount of Title I funds a school and district may receive is based on poverty rates, the children that benefit from the program(s) are not, necessarily, just students of poverty. Rather, Title I programs work to address the needs of a school's lowest performing students and those students found to be at most risk for not meeting state academic standards.

No Child Left Behind brought greater accountability to Title I states, districts, and schools for improving the academic achievement of all students and turning around low-performing schools. These and other changes to the Title I program required all stakeholders in school communities to work together to help close achievement gaps and ensure that all students in Colorado can meet the state's high academic standards.

Title IA Focus Schools

For the ESEA waiver granted by the United States Department of Education, CDE is required to identify 10% of Colorado’s Title I schools as "focus" schools to help ensure that low performance for student groups are addressed. Specifically, a Title I Focus school is a school with a:

(1) low graduation rate (regardless of plan type), and/or
(2) Turnaround or Priority Improvement plan type with either (or both)

(a) low-achieving disaggregated student groups (i.e., minority, ELL, IEP and FRL) or
(b) low disaggregated graduation rate.

A Title I Focus schools must address the reasons behind the designation in its school level UIP. The school’s UIP must address the low achievement of the disaggregated groups in the data narrative. The action planning section must include action steps indicating how the low achievement will be addressed.

Title IA Priority Schools

For the ESEA waiver granted by the United States Department of Education, CDE is required to identify the lowest performing 5% of Colorado’s Title I schools as "priority" schools. Colorado identifies priority schools as the Tier I or Tier II schools under the SIG program that are using SIG funds to implement a school intervention model.

ESSA Transition

Pursuant to the December 18, 2015 Dear Colleague Letter regarding the transition to ESSA, Colorado notified ED of its decision to maintain the list of priority and focus schools in effect on December 10, 2015, based on Colorado’s flexibility renewal application, as approved by ED on November 18, 2015. Colorado has applied the changes authorized by the renewal approval to its lists of priority and focus schools. These schools will continue to implement their approved interventions through the 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 school years. Colorado will not exit schools from current lists until after the 2016-2017 school year. 

Related Information


For Additional Information Contact:

Brad Bylsma
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