Title I, Part A, provides resources to help ensure that all children have the opportunity to receive a quality education, resulting in their attainment of high academic standards. Title I targets resources to districts and schools whose needs are the greatest. The program is the largest ESEA program supporting both elementary and secondary education. The USDE allocates funds based on census poverty rates from ages 5 through 17. Essentially, Title I focuses on providing additional instructional time in the areas of reading and math. Eligibility is based on statutory formulas.
Ways in which schools and districts can use Title I dollars include:
- Extended-time programs (such as before/after school programs, summer school)
- Parent Involvement
- Professional development
- Support for scientifically-based programs and strategies
Even though the amount of Title I funds a school and district may receive is based on poverty rates, the children that benefit from the program(s) are not, necessarily, just students of poverty. Rather, Title I programs work to address the needs of a school's lowest performing students and those students found to be at most risk for not meeting state academic standards.
No Child Left Behind brought greater accountability to Title I states, districts, and schools for improving the academic achievement of all students and turning around low-performing schools. These and other changes to the Title I program required all stakeholders in school communities to work together to help close achievement gaps and ensure that all students in Colorado can meet the state's high academic standards.
Title IA Focus Schools
For the ESEA waiver granted by the United States Department of Education, CDE is required to identify 10% of Colorado’s Title I schools as "focus" schools to help ensure that low performance for student groups are addressed. Specifically, a Title I Focus school is a school with a:
(1) low graduation rate (regardless of plan type), and/or
(2) Turnaround or Priority Improvement plan type with either (or both)
(a) low-achieving disaggregated student groups (i.e., minority, ELL, IEP and FRL) or
(b) low disaggregated graduation rate.
A Title I Focus schools must address the reasons behind the designation in its school level UIP. The school’s UIP must address the low achievement of the disaggregated groups in the data narrative. The action planning section must include action steps indicating how the low achievement will be addressed.
Title IA Priority Schools
For the ESEA waiver granted by the United States Department of Education, CDE is required to identify the lowest performing 5% of Colorado’s Title I schools as "priority" schools. Colorado identifies priority schools as the Tier I or Tier II schools under the SIG program that are using SIG funds to implement a school intervention model.
- Supplemental Educational Services (SES)
- Title IA Awards and Recognition
- High Growth Title I Schools
- Office Hours
School & District Improvement Supports
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