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CPP Eligibility Factor - Homelessness

Clarification of the Factor 

Homelessness of the child’s family. (C.R.S. 22-28-106 (1)(a.5)(II)) - Children or youth who lack a fixed, regular, or adequate nighttime residence qualify for the McKinney-Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth program, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). This includes children and youth who:

  • Share housing with friends or other families due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; Live in motels, hotels, or campgrounds because they have no permanent housing; Live in an emergency or transitional shelters like safe houses; Live on the streets, in parks, in abandoned buildings, or other accommodation unfit for habitation

Many homeless families with children, and unaccompanied youth, are forced into motels or other temporary situations because there is no family or youth shelter available in the community. If shelters are available, many are full or may have policies that separate the family or prohibit unaccompanied minors. Children and youth in doubled-up and motel situations are extremely vulnerable, living in precarious, unstable, and sometimes unsafe conditions. They may suffer the life-long impacts of toxic stress if their living situations are not stabilized.

How It May Be Documented

  • School District Homeless Liaison verification
    • If you need assistance with determining homelessness, contact your school district’s homelessness coordinator. A statewide index is located here.
  • Social Services or other agency reports
  • Family reports living situation (shared home due to housing loss or economic hardship, hotel/motel, shelter, campground) as documented by family interview or application
  • ​Address records

Significance of Factor in regards to School Readiness

  • Children in unstable housing situations are at higher risk for poor nutrition and chronic health problems. 
  • Homeless children are more than twice as likely as other children to exhibit signs of anxiety, depression and other mental health problems. They also are 1.5 to 2.5 times more likely to perform below grade level in reading, spelling, and math.
  • Families with children are by most accounts among the fastest-growing segments of the homeless population. Schools are a vital setting in which to provide stability and safety to homeless children.

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