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CPP Eligibility Factor - Frequent Relocation of the Child's Family

Clarification of Eligibility Factor 

Frequent relocation by the child’s family to new residences 
(22-28-106 (1) (a.5) (VII) C.R.S.).

Significance of Factor in regards to School Readiness

  • Children whose families move frequently face both academic and social disruption. High mobility is associated with lower test scores, grade retention, and referral to special education.
  • Beyond negative academic consequences, frequent relocation can affect a child’s nutrition and health, and has been linked to behavioral problems.
  • In many cases, highly mobile students have personal or family problems that contribute to their mobility. It should be noted that a strong likelihood of the presence of other risk factors in the child and family’s life exists, and that cumulatively these factors can impact a child’s school success.

How It May Be Documented

  • Agency referral
  • Parent report/interview

Research References:

Center on Rural Education and Communities. (2008). Poverty, housing insecurity and student transiency in rural areas. Retrieved June 2, 2011, from

Holloway, H. ( January 2003). Equity and opportunity: Addressing the needs of homeless students. Educational Leadership, 60(4), 89-90.

Hartman, C. & Leff, A. (May 2002). High classroom turnover: How children get left behind. Poverty & Race. Retrieved July 31, 2009, from

Eiseman, M., Cove, E., and Popkin, S. (February 2005). Resilient children in distressed neighborhoods: Evidence from the HOPE VI panel study. Brief No. 7. Retrieved June 2, 2011, from

Rumberger, R. W. (2002). Student mobility and academic achievement. Eric Digest: EDO-PS-02-1, Retrieved June 2, 2011, from

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