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Elements Comprising the Colorado Literacy Framework:
I. The Five Components of Reading
Component 1: Phonological Awareness - Phonemes
Phonemes are the smallest units making up spoken language. A phoneme is a single sound that maps to one or more of the letters. (Vaughn, 2004). English consists of 44 sounds that are represented by 26 letters or combinations of the letters. The sounds can be divided into consonant or vowel sounds. Further categorization of the phonemes includes: