# Preschool Standards & Assessments

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 Preschool Academic Standards Teaching Strategies GOLD HighScope COR Colorado Building Blocks Head Start Child Development & Early Learning Framework MathNumber Sense, Properties and Operations1 - Quantities can be represented and counteda - Count and represent objects including coins to 10 (PFL) Mathematics20 - Uses number concepts and operationsa - Counts6 - Verbally counts to 20; counts 10-20 objects accurately; knows the last number states how many in all; tells what number (1-10) comes next in order by countingMathematics20 - Uses number concepts and operationsb - Quantifies8 - Uses a variety of strategies (counting objects or fingers, counting on, or counting back) to solve problems with more than 10 objects Mathematics and ScienceBB - Counting3 - Child counts or responds to a request for 5 to 10 objects. Mathematics2 - Numbers and OperationsChildren show interest and curiosity in counting and grouping objects and numbers.b - Begin to use numbers and counting as a means for solving problems, predicting and measuring quantity. Use one-to-one correspondence in counting objects and matching groups of objects. Mathematics Knowledge & SkillsNumber Concepts & Quantities: The understanding that numbers represent quantities and have ordinal properties (number words represent a rank order, particular size, or position in a list).Uses one-to-one counting and subitizing (identifying the number of objects without counting) to determine quantity. MathNumber Sense, Properties and Operations1 - Quantities can be represented and countedb - Match a quantity with a numeral Mathematics20 - Uses number concepts and operationsc - Connects numerals with their quantities6 - Identifies numerals to 10 by name and connects each to counted objects Mathematics and ScienceBB - Counting2 - Child counts objects, naming one number for each object. Mathematics2 - Numbers and OperationsChildren show interest and curiosity in counting and grouping objects and numbers.c - Begin to associate a number of objects with names and symbols for numbers. Mathematics Knowledge & SkillsNumber Concepts & Quantities: The understanding that numbers represent quantities and have ordinal properties (number words represent a rank order, particular size, or position in a list).Associates quantities and the names of numbers with written numerals. MathShape, Dimension and Geometric Relationships1 - Shapes can be observed in the world and described in relation to one anothera - Match, sort, group and name basic shapes found in the natural environment Mathematics21 - Explores and describes spatial relationships and shapesb - Understands shapes6 - Describes basic two- and three dimensional shapes by using own words; recognizes basic shapes when they are presented in a new orientation Mathematics and ScienceY - Sorting objects2 - Child sorts a collection into smaller groups of similar objects. Mathematics3 - Geometry and Spatial SenseChildren show an interest in recognizing and creating shapes and an awareness of position in space.a - Describe and name common shapes found in the natural environment.Mathematics3 - Geometry and Spatial SenseChildren show an interest in recognizing and creating shapes and an awareness of position in space.c - Group objects according to their shape and size. Mathematics Knowledge & SkillsGeometry & Spatial Sense: The understanding of shapes, their properties, and how objects are related to one another.Recognizes and names common shapes, their parts, and attributes. MathShape, Dimension and Geometric Relationships1 - Shapes can be observed in the world and described in relation to one anotherb - Sort similar groups of objects into simple categories based on attributes Cognitive13 - Uses classification skills - 6 - Groups objects by one characteristic; then regroups them using a different characteristic and indicates the reason Mathematics and ScienceY - Sorting objects3 - In sorting, child groups objects that are the same in some way but different in others. No Match Mathematics Knowledge & SkillsPatterns: The recognition of patterns, sequencing, and critical thinking skills necessary to predict and classify objects in a pattern.Sorts, classifies, and serializes (puts in a pattern) objects using attributes, such as color, shape, or size. MathShape, Dimension and Geometric Relationships1 - Shapes can be observed in the world and described in relation to one anotherc - Sort similar groups of objects into simple categories based on attributes Mathematics22 - Compares and measures - 4 - Compares and orders a small set of objects as appropriate according to size, length, weight, area, or volume; knows usual sequence of basic daily events and a few ordinal numbers Language and LiteracyR - Using vocabulary4 - Child uses two or more words to describe something. No Match Language DevelopmentExpressive Language: The ability to use language.Uses increasingly complex and varied vocabulary. MathShape, Dimension and Geometric Relationships1 - Shapes can be observed in the world and described in relation to one anotherd - Follow directions to arrange, order, or position objects Mathematics21 - Explores and describes spatial relationships and shapesa - Understands spatial relationships6 - Uses and responds appropriately to positional words indicating location, direction, and distance Mathematics and ScienceCC - Identifying position and direction1 - Child moves or places an object as requested. Mathematics3 - Geometry and Spatial SenseChildren show an interest in recognizing and creating shapes and an awareness of position in space.b - Use language to understand the arrangement, order and position of objects that are on top of, next to, on the bottom, underneath, beside and in front of other objects. Mathematics Knowledge & SkillsGeometry & Spatial Sense: The understanding of shapes, their properties, and how objects are related to one another.Understands directionality, order, and position of objects, such as up, down, in front, behind. MathShape, Dimension and Geometric Relationships2 - Measurement is used to compare objectsa - Describe the order of common events Mathematics22 - Compares and measures - 4 - Compares and orders a small set of objects as appropriate according to size, length, weight, area, or volume; knows usual sequence of basic daily events and a few ordinal numbers No Match Mathematics4 - Patterns and MeasurementChildren show an interest in recognizing and creating patterns, comparing and measuring time and quantity.b - Begin to understand that some events take place in the past, present or future. Mathematics Knowledge & SkillsPatterns: The recognition of patterns, sequencing, and critical thinking skills necessary to predict and classify objects in a pattern.Sorts, classifies, and serializes (puts in a pattern) objects using attributes, such as color, shape, or size. MathShape, Dimension and Geometric Relationships2 - Measurement is used to compare objectsb - Group objects according to their size using standard and non-standard forms (height, weight, length, or color brightness) of measurement Mathematics22 - Compares and measures - 6 - Uses multiples of the same unit to measure; uses numbers to compare; knows the purpose of standard measuring tools Mathematics and ScienceZ - Identifying patterns3 - Child arranges three or more objects in a graduated series. Mathematics4 - Patterns and MeasurementChildren show an interest in recognizing and creating patterns, comparing and measuring time and quantity.c - Begin to order, compare or describe objects according to size, length, height and weight using standard or non-standard forms of measurement. Mathematics Knowledge & SkillsMeasurement & Comparison: The understanding of attributes and relative properties of objects as related to size, capacity, and area.Uses nonstandard and standard techniques and tools to measure and compare. MathShape, Dimension and Geometric Relationships2 - Measurement is used to compare objectsc - Sort coins by physical attributes such as color or size (PFL) Cognitive13 - Uses classification skills - 6 - Groups objects by one characteristic; then regroups them using a different characteristic and indicates the reason Mathematics and ScienceY - Sorting objects2 - Child sorts a collection into smaller groups of similar objects. Mathematics1 - PlayChildren engage in play to develop their mathematical thinking and problem solving.a - Begin to make groups and match objects. Mathematics Knowledge & SkillsPatterns: The recognition of patterns, sequencing, and critical thinking skills necessary to predict and classify objects in a pattern.Sorts, classifies, and serializes (puts in a pattern) objects using attributes, such as color, shape, or size.