What is it?
Youth regularly go through transitions – changing grade levels, changing schools, transitioning from school to work – however, such transitions are often left out of schools efforts to support students. Every transition can develop and increase problems or they could be a natural opportunity to promote positive learning, develop positive attitudes and promote social and emotional development. Research indicates (Cauley & Jovanovich, 2008):
- More students fail ninth grade than any other grade of school
- Poor and minority students are twice as likely as others to be retained
- Among fourteen- and fifteen-year-olds who struggle with basic reading and mathematics skills, 20 percent drop out of school within two years
- A study of fifty-six Georgia and Florida high schools found that schools with extensive transition programs had significantly lower failure and dropout rates than those schools that did not offer comprehensive programs
Schools need to address transitions proactively in order to enhance their own goals of supporting youth development. Examples of transition opportunities include welcoming new arrivals, providing ongoing social supports as students adjust to new grades or new schools, and using before and after-school and summer activities to support students’ academic and social-emotional development to promote success in school.
Transition programs are beneficial during any transitional time, and at any grade level (from home to kindergarten, from elementary to middle school and from middle to high school).