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CPP Eligibility Factor - Homelessness
Clarification of the Factor
Homelessness of the child’s family. (C.R.S. 22-28-106 (1)(a.5)(II)) - Children or youth who lack a fixed, regular or adequate nighttime residence qualify for the McKinney-Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth program, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). This includes children and youth who:
- Share the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship or a similar reason; are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters, or are abandoned in hospitals;
- Have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as regular sleeping accommodation for human beings;
- Live in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations or similar settings; and
- Are migratory children.
Many homeless families with children, and unaccompanied youth, are forced into motels or other temporary situations because there is no family or youth shelter available in the community. If shelters are available, many are full, or may have policies that separate the family or prohibit unaccompanied minors. Children and youth in doubled-up and motel situations are extremely vulnerable, living in precarious, unstable and sometimes unsafe conditions. They may suffer the life-long impacts of toxic stress if their living situations are not stabilized.
How It May Be Documented
- Address records
- Parent report (please note that parents often do not report homelessness due to embarrassment and fear.)
- Results of parent interviews indicating unstable housing situations (doubling up, cramped housing, moving in with family and friends, etc).
- Social Services or agency referral
Significance of Factor in regards to School Readiness
- Children in unstable housing situations are at higher risk for poor nutrition and chronic health problems.
- Homeless children are more than twice as likely as other children to exhibit signs of anxiety, depression and other mental health problems. They also are 1.5 to 2.5 times more likely to perform below grade level in reading, spelling, and math.
- Families with children are by most accounts among the fastest-growing segments of the homeless population. Schools are a vital setting in which to provide stability and safety to homeless children.
If you need assistance with determining homelessness, contact your school district’s homeless coordinator. A statewide index is located here.
- McKinney-Vento Homeless Education (CDE)
- National Association for the Education of the Homeless Children and Youth - Early Childhood Resources