Clarification of Eligibility Factor
Frequent relocation by the child’s family to new residences
(22-28-106 (1) (a.5) (VII) C.R.S.).
Significance of Factor in regards to School Readiness
- Children whose families move frequently face both academic and social disruption. High mobility is associated with lower test scores, grade retention, and referral to special education.
- Beyond negative academic consequences, frequent relocation can affect a child’s nutrition and health, and has been linked to behavioral problems.
- In many cases, highly mobile students have personal or family problems that contribute to their mobility. It should be noted that a strong likelihood of the presence of other risk factors in the child and family’s life exists, and that cumulatively these factors can impact a child’s school success.
How It May Be Documented
- Agency referral
- Parent report/interview
Center on Rural Education and Communities. (2008). Poverty, housing insecurity and student transiency in rural areas. Retrieved June 2, 2011, fromhttp://www.ed.psu.edu/educ/crec/research/poverty
Holloway, H. ( January 2003). Equity and opportunity: Addressing the needs of homeless students. Educational Leadership, 60(4), 89-90.
Hartman, C. & Leff, A. (May 2002). High classroom turnover: How children get left behind. Poverty & Race. Retrieved July 31, 2009, from http://www.prrac.org/full_text.php?text_id=748&item_id=7789&newsletter_id=62&header=Search%20Results
Eiseman, M., Cove, E., and Popkin, S. (February 2005). Resilient children in distressed neighborhoods: Evidence from the HOPE VI panel study. Brief No. 7. Retrieved June 2, 2011, fromhttp://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311186_Roof_7.pdf
Rumberger, R. W. (2002). Student mobility and academic achievement. Eric Digest: EDO-PS-02-1, Retrieved June 2, 2011, fromhttp://ceep.crc.illinois.edu/eecearchive/digests/2002/rumberger02.pdf