Expression is the ability of an individual or group to represent or convey thoughts, ideas, and feelings through words and nonlinguistic representation. Kindergartners are working on how to use the different means of expression to relay their thoughts, learning, thinking, and feeling to others. Their expression is becoming more social and less egocentric.
Expression can connect 8 of 10 content areas as detailed below.
Comprehensive Health and Physical Education
In comprehensive health and physical education, expression is fundamental to emotional and social wellness as well as managing one’s health in potentially risky situations. Skills include: demonstrating respect for self, others and property; learning how to share; identifying and communicating feelings; understanding that one’s words, actions and behaviors impact others; and knowing how to communicate in emergency situations.
In dance, expression is using movement to show feelings in nonlinguistic ways. Dancers use body movements to share feelings and ideas and to communicate their thinking in many ways. The ability to express feelings, opinions, and ideas in multiple ways are key life skills.
Drama and Theatre Arts
In drama and theatre arts, expression is used to show feeling or emotion through dramatic or creative play. Expressive elements, such as combining sounds and facial expressions, are foundations of drama.
In music, expression is responding to many genres and understanding how music is used to express feelings. Examples of how independent performance can be used as expression include singing, playing an instrument and dancing to a rhythm. Understanding how feelings can be expressed through music builds a broader context of ways to express emotions.
Reading, Writing, and Communicating
In reading, writing and communicating, expression is used to effectively convey interpretations of ideas and events both in real life and in texts through oral language, drawing and writing. In kindergarten, this includes expanding vocabulary, asking questions in order to get or clarify information, and learning behaviors of effective communication. Through expression, kindergarteners learn there are a variety of purposes for reading, writing and communicating.
In social studies, expression is used to convey concepts and ideas through multiple means. History provides the tools for expressing the details of events and ideas of the past and their significance to the present. Geography reflects how human describe location, place and explain the complex interconnections of the world. Civics provides opportunities for the exploration of how humans express their ideas and opinions about rules and human interaction. In Economics, students work to express the difference between wants and needs. Being able to express oneself is a critical connection to the world.
In visual arts, expression is showing feeling through nonlinguistic visual forms. Using pictures and colors to describe how one feels enables learners to connect feelings, ideas and opinions in many ways.
In world languages, expression includes the words and phrases commonly used in the target language. High-frequency words and phrases are used in day-to-day interactions and single-word or high-frequency responses are given to visual stimuli. High-frequency words include saying hello or good-bye. The ability to exchange short messages or pleasantries helps build personal connections around the world.
Summary Document: All standards pages for expression