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Part 5 - Institute Charter Schools

22-30.5-501. Legislative declaration.

(1) The general assembly hereby finds, determines, and declares that:

(a) There is a growing demand for more charter schools in the state;

(b) There is an underserved population of at-risk students in the state, for whom innovative educational models are needed.

(2) The intent of the general assembly in establishing the state charter school institute pursuant to this part 5 is to:

(a) Provide an alternative mode of authorizing charter schools as a means to assist school districts in utilizing best practices for chartering schools and to approve and oversee charter schools in school districts not desiring to do so themselves; and

(b) Preserve the authority of a school district to authorize charter schools, at the school district's option.

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1594, § 1, effective July 1.

22-30.5-502. Definitions.

As used in this part 5, unless the context otherwise requires:

(1) "At-risk student" means a student:

(a) Who is eligible to receive free or reduced-cost lunch pursuant to the provisions of the federal "National School Lunch Act", 42 U.S.C. sec. 1751 et seq.; or

(b) Who has performed at the proficiency level of "low" or "unsatisfactory" on a statewide assessment.

(2) "Board of cooperative services" means a board of cooperative services as defined in section 22-5-103 (2).

(3) "Commissioner" means the office of the commissioner of education created and existing pursuant to section 1 of article IX of the state constitution.

(4) "Department" means the department of education created and existing pursuant to section 24-1-115, C.R.S.

(5) "Institute board" means the governing board of the state charter school institute that is appointed pursuant to section 22-30.5-505 (2).

(6) "Institute charter school" means a charter school authorized pursuant to this part 5.

(7) "Local board of education" or "local board" means a school district board of education.

(8) "Moratorium" means a school district's official policy of refusing to authorize charter schools and an ongoing pattern or practice of refusing to accept or review charter school applications.

(9) "On-line pupil" means:

(a) For the 2007-08 budget year, a child who receives educational services predominantly through an on-line program created pursuant to article 30.7 of this title;

(b) For the 2008-09 budget year, and for each budget year thereafter, a child who receives educational services predominantly through a multi-district program, as defined in section 22-30.7-102 (6), created pursuant to article 30.7 of this title.

(10) "School district" means a school district organized and existing under the laws of Colorado, except a junior college district.

(10.5) "School food authority" means:

(a) A school district or the state charter school institute; or

(b) A district charter school or an institute charter school that:

(I) The commissioner or his or her designee provisionally authorizes as a school food authority pursuant to section 22-32-120 (6); or

(II) The department of education authorizes as a school food authority pursuant to section 22-32-120 (5).

(11) "State board" means the state board of education created and existing pursuant to section 1 of article IX of the state constitution.

(12) "State charter school institute" or "institute" means the entity created pursuant to section 22-30.5-503.

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1595, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2006: (10) amended, p. 573, § 2, effective April 24. L. 2007: (9) amended, p. 1088, § 13, effective July 1. L. 2009: (10.5) added, (SB 09-230), ch. 227, p. 1033, § 4, effective May 4.

22-30.5-503. State charter school institute - establishment.

(1) (a) There is established, as an independent agency in the department of education, the state charter school institute. The institute shall exercise its powers and perform its duties and functions as if it were transferred to the department by a type 1 transfer under the provisions of the "Administrative Organization Act of 1968", article 1 of title 24, C.R.S.

(b) In addition to any other powers or duties granted by law to the institute, the institute shall:

(I) Review institute charter school applications and assist in the establishment of institute charter schools throughout the state;

(II) Assist in the conversion of a school district charter school to an institute charter school pursuant to section 22-30.5-510 (1);

(III) Approve or deny institute charter school applications and revoke, renew, or refuse to renew institute charter school contracts; and

(IV) Monitor the operations of institute charter schools and the academic achievement of students attending institute charter schools, including compliance with applicable state and federal accountability requirements.

(c) The institute is authorized to enter into contracts or service agreements with any public or private contractor to provide administrative services or technical assistance to institute charter schools pursuant to this part 5. Any such contract or service agreement shall also include provisions establishing liquidated damages and penalties for failure to comply with the terms and conditions of the contract and shall be in accordance with rules promulgated by the institute board.

(2) It is the intent of the general assembly that the institute shall exist to model best practices in authorizing charter schools and make those practices available to school districts.

(3) For purposes of federal law, the state charter school institute shall be a local educational agency, deemed to be a public authority legally constituted within the state for the administrative control and direction of, and to perform a service function for, public elementary schools and secondary schools in the state.

(4) For purposes of the "Exceptional Children's Educational Act", article 20 of this title, the state charter school institute shall be considered an administrative unit, responsible for assisting in the delivery of federally required services to students enrolled in institute charter schools. The institute may provide or contract for the provision of services to a student enrolled in an institute charter school.

(5) The state charter school institute shall be responsible for monitoring the fiscal management of each institute charter school. Each institute charter school shall annually provide to the institute the results of an independent financial audit of the institute charter school. The institute shall report to the state board the same financial information in the same format that school districts are required to report to the state board pursuant to this title. Institute charter schools shall compile and report to the institute the same financial information in the same format that charter schools are required to report to school districts pursuant to part 1 of this article.

(6) The institute and institute charter schools shall be deemed part of the thorough and uniform system of free public schools to be established and maintained by the general assembly, as required in section 2 of article IX of the state constitution. The state board shall have general supervision of institute charter schools, as required in section 1 of article IX of the state constitution.

(7) The institute, by virtue of its functions and duties, shall not be deemed to be a school district for any purpose.

(8) The institute and the institute board are agencies of the state for purposes of the public records provisions of part 2 of article 72 of title 24, C.R.S., and state public bodies for purposes of the open meetings provisions of part 4 of article 6 of title 24, C.R.S.

Source: L. 2004: IP(1)(b) amended, p. 1591, § 24, effective June 3; entire part added, p. 1596, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2008: (1)(b)(II) amended and (8) added, p. 495, 487, §§ 9, 1, effective April 17.

22-30.5-503.5. School response framework.

The state charter school institute shall establish a school response framework that complies with the provisions of section 22-32-109.1 (4) for each state charter school.

Source: L. 2008: Entire section added, p. 804, § 4, effective May 14.

Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2008 act enacting this section, see section 1 of chapter 215, Session Laws of Colorado 2008.

22-30.5-504. Institute chartering authority - institute charter schools - exclusive authority - retention - recovery - revocation.

(1) The institute shall be authorized to approve or deny an application submitted for the establishment of an institute charter school pursuant to this part 5.

(2) An institute charter school applicant may submit an application to the institute only if the school district in which the institute charter school is to be located has not retained exclusive authority to authorize charter schools as provided in subsection (5) of this section. If a school district has not retained exclusive authority to authorize charter schools as provided in subsection (5) of this section, the school district and the institute shall have concurrent authority to authorize charter schools and institute charter schools, respectively, to be located within the geographic boundaries of the school district. The school district shall monitor and oversee all charter schools authorized by the school district as provided in part 1 of this article. The institute shall monitor and oversee all institute charter schools authorized by the institute as provided in this part 5.

(3) Nothing in this part 5 shall be construed to eliminate the ability of a school district to authorize charter schools pursuant to part 1 of this article. A school district shall retain the authority to re-authorize and to oversee any charter school which it has authorized, except with respect to any charter school that is converted to an institute charter school pursuant to section 22-30.5-510.

(4) (a) A local board of education may seek to retain or recover exclusive authority to authorize charter schools within the geographic boundaries of the school district by presenting to the state board, on or before March 1 of the fiscal year prior to that for which the exclusive authority is to apply, a written resolution adopted by the local board of education indicating the intent to retain or recover exclusive authority to authorize charter schools. The written resolution shall be accompanied by a written description of those portions of subsection (5) of this section that the local board of education intends to demonstrate. The local board of education shall provide a complete copy of the resolution, including the description, to each charter school authorized by the local board on or before the date the local board submits the resolution to the state board. The state board shall determine within sixty days after receiving the resolution whether to grant the local board of education exclusive authority. If the state board denies the local board exclusive authority to authorize charter schools within the geographic boundaries of the school district, it shall provide to the local board of education a written explanation of the basis for the denial.

(b) A party may challenge the grant of exclusive authority made by the state board pursuant to subsection (5) of this section by filing with the state board a notice of challenge within thirty days after the state board grants exclusive authority. The notice shall be accompanied by a specific written description, with supporting documentation, of the basis for the challenge. The challenging party, at the time of filing notice with the state board, shall provide a copy of the notice of challenge, with the written description of the basis and supporting documentation, to the local board of education that has been granted exclusive authority. The state board shall permit the local board the opportunity to appear at a public hearing and respond to the challenge and shall permit the challenger the opportunity at the public hearing to rebut any arguments made by the local board. If the local board of education intends to respond to the challenge, it shall submit a copy of its response in writing, with supporting documentation, to the challenging party and the state board at least fifteen days prior to the public hearing. The state board shall make a determination upon the challenge within sixty days after receipt of the notice of challenge. In announcing its determination, the state board shall provide a written explanation of the basis for its decision to either grant or deny to the local board exclusive authority to authorize charter schools within the geographic boundaries of the school district.

(c) If a local board of education recovers exclusive authority pursuant to this section to authorize charter schools within the geographic boundaries of the school district, any institute charter schools authorized within the geographic boundaries of the school district prior to the date on which the local board of education recovered exclusive authority shall continue to be authorized by and accountable to the institute; except that an institute charter school that is converted to a district charter school pursuant to subsection (10) of this section shall be accountable to the local board of education.

(d) Each local board of education that has been granted, prior to or on or after April 17, 2008, exclusive authority to charter schools within the geographic boundaries of the school district shall retain exclusive authority until the local board of education voluntarily relinquishes the exclusive authority or the state board of education revokes the exclusive authority pursuant to the provisions of subsection (7.5) of this section. A local board of education that voluntarily relinquishes exclusive authority may regain exclusive authority by applying pursuant to the provisions of this subsection (4).

(5) (a) The state board shall grant to a local board of education exclusive authority to authorize charter schools within the geographic boundaries of the school district if the state board determines, after adequate notice and in a public hearing and after receiving input from any charter schools authorized by the local board of education, that the local board can show a recent pattern of providing fair and equitable treatment to its charter schools through the local board's demonstration of:

(I) Full compliance with the provisions of the "Charter Schools Act", part 1 of this article, which includes, at a minimum:

(A) Compliance with full and accurate accounting practices and charges for central administrative overhead costs;

(B) Compliance with sections 22-30.5-112 and 22-30.5-112.1, which permit a charter school to purchase, at its discretion, certain services or a combination of services;

(C) The absence of a school district moratorium regarding charter schools or the absence of any district-wide charter school enrollment limits; and

(D) Compliance with valid orders of the state board; and

(II) Any combination of the following:

(A) The distribution to charter schools authorized by the local board of a pro rata share of mill levy overrides, except for any mill levied for a particular purpose that by its express terms is intended to benefit a grade, a program, or a school and, as a result, is not available to be offered to any charter school that did not participate in the mill levy proceeds;

(B) The provision of assistance to charter schools to meet their facilities needs, by including those needs in local bond issues or otherwise providing available land and facilities that are comparable to those provided to other public school students in the same grade levels within the school district;

(C) The distribution to charter schools authorized by the local board of a pro rata share of federal and state grants received by the school district, except for any grant received for a particular purpose that by its express terms is intended to benefit a student population not able to be served by, or a program not able to be offered at, a charter school which did not receive a proportionate share of such grant proceeds;

(D) The provision of adequate staff and other resources to serve charter schools authorized by the local board, which services are provided by the school district at a cost to the charter schools that does not exceed their actual cost to the school district, or, in the case of federally required educational services, the amount specified in section 22-30.5-112 (2) (a.8);

(E) The lack of a policy or practice of imposing individual charter school enrollment limits, except as otherwise provided in article 36 of this title; or

(F) The provision of an adequate number of educational choice programs to serve students exercising their rights to transfer pursuant to the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001", Public Law 107-110, and a history of charter school approval that encourages programs that serve at-risk student populations.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection (5) to the contrary, the state board shall grant to a local board of education exclusive authority to authorize charter schools within the geographic boundaries of the school district if the local board certifies that:

(I) The total pupil enrollment of the school district is less than three thousand pupils.

(II) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2008, p. 487, § 2, effective April 17, 2008.)

(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection (5), the state board shall not deny exclusive authority to a local board of education based upon a school district moratorium regarding charter schools that was in existence prior to July 1, 2004, but was repealed on or before October 1, 2004.

(d) If the state board denies the exclusive authority of a local board of education to authorize charter schools within the geographic boundaries of the school district, the local board may reapply to retain or recover exclusive authority as provided in subsection (4) of this section as soon as the local board determines it has resolved the issue that was the basis for the denial.

(6) For local boards of education that have no discernable history of considering charter school applications or authorizing charter schools, the state board shall grant exclusive authority if the local board demonstrates its compliance with the provisions of sub-subparagraphs (C) and (D) of subparagraph (I) of paragraph (a) of subsection (5) of this section and presents to the state board a plan to implement a combination of the authorizing practices described in paragraph (a) of subsection (5) of this section.

(7) A grant of exclusive authority by the state board shall continue so long as a local board of education continues to comply with the provisions of subsection (5) of this section, and the local board need not reapply; except that a local board of education that retains exclusive authority pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection (5) of this section shall reapply for exclusive authority if the criteria specified in said paragraph (b) no longer apply to the school district.

(7.5) (a) A charter school, a charter school applicant, or an organization that represents charter schools may request revocation of a local board of education's exclusive authority to authorize charter schools within the geographic boundaries of the school district by filing a request for revocation with the state board. A charter school may request revocation of the exclusive authority only of its chartering local board. A charter applicant may request revocation of the exclusive authority only of a local board of education to which it may apply for a charter.

(b) A charter school, a charter school applicant, or an organization that represents charter schools may request revocation of a local board of education's exclusive authority only on the grounds that the local board, since the date that the local board received exclusive authority, has demonstrated a pattern of failing to comply with one or more of the provisions of the "Charter Schools Act", part 1 of this article. A charter school, a charter school applicant, or an organization that represents charter schools may not request revocation of a local board of education's exclusive authority solely on the basis of:

(I) The local board's refusal of a charter application; or

(II) An action by the local board that a charter school or a charter school applicant may appeal to the state board pursuant to section 22-30.5-108, unless the action would otherwise constitute grounds for denial or revocation of exclusive authority.

(c) To request revocation of a local board of education's exclusive authority, a charter school, a charter school applicant, or an organization that represents charter schools shall file a notice of request for revocation with the state board, accompanied by a specific written description, with supporting documentation, of the basis for the request. The requesting party, at the time of filing the notice with the state board, shall provide a copy of the notice of request for revocation and the basis for the request, with the supporting documentation, to the affected local board of education. The state board shall permit the local board the opportunity to appear at a public hearing and respond in writing to the request for revocation and shall permit the requesting party the opportunity at the public hearing to rebut any arguments made by the local board. If the local board intends to respond to the request for revocation, it shall submit a copy of its response in writing, with supporting documentation, to the requesting party and the state board at least fifteen days prior to the public hearing. The state board shall determine whether to grant or deny the request for revocation, based on the criteria for granting exclusive authority specified in subsections (5) and (6) of this section, within sixty days after receiving the notice. If the state board revokes the local board of education's exclusive authority to authorize charter schools within the geographic boundaries of the school district, it shall provide a written explanation of the basis for the revocation.

(d) If the state board revokes a local board of education's exclusive authority, the local board may apply to recover the grant of exclusive authority as provided in subsection (4) of this section as soon as the local board determines it has resolved the issue that was the basis for the revocation. The state board shall consider the local board of education's application and either grant or deny the local board exclusive authority as provided in subsection (5) of this section.

(8) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section to the contrary, a local board of education may permit the establishment of one or more institute charter schools within the geographic boundaries of the school district by adopting a favorable resolution and submitting the resolution to the state board. The resolution shall be effective until it is rescinded by resolution of the local board of education.

(9) (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section to the contrary, the state board shall grant to a local board of education exclusive authority to authorize charter schools within the geographic boundaries of the school district if the school district annually certifies to the state board that the total number of students enrolled in charter schools authorized by the school district, or the maximum number of students allowed to be enrolled pursuant to charter school contracts entered into by the school district, whichever is greater, divided by the district pupil enrollment, as defined in section 22-54-103, for that budget year, reflected as a percentage, exceeds by more than three percentage points the percentage of students enrolled in charter schools statewide.

(b) A school district that retains exclusive authority to authorize charter schools pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (9) shall satisfy the requirements of paragraph (a) of subsection (5) of this section.

(10) (a) An institute charter school that is located within the geographic boundaries of a school district that recovers exclusive authority to authorize charter schools, as provided in subsection (4) of this section, or that permitted the establishment of the institute charter school within its geographic boundaries, as provided in subsection (8) of this section, may apply to the board of education of the school district in which it is located to convert to a district charter school. To convert to a district charter school, the institute charter school shall submit an application to the local board of education as if it were applying for a new charter in accordance with the provisions of part 1 of this article.

(b) An application to convert an existing institute charter school to a district charter school shall include evidence that an adequate number of parents, teachers, or pupils, or any combination thereof, supports the conversion of the institute charter school to a district charter school.

(c) A local board of education's approval of an application from an existing institute charter school submitted pursuant to this subsection (10) shall not relieve the institute charter school of any preexisting contractual obligations or relationships, including obligations of the institute charter school to the institute; except that the institute charter school shall no longer be subject to the oversight and control of the institute. The transfer of oversight of an institute charter school from the institute to a school district shall not be deemed a dissolution or other event that empowers or obligates the institute to wind down the institute charter school's affairs or to dispose of the institute charter school's assets.

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1597, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2007: (5)(c) added, p. 740, § 16, effective May 9. L. 2008: (4), IP(5)(a), (5)(a)(I)(B), (5)(b), (6), and (7) amended and (5)(d), (7.5), and (10) added, pp. 487, 490, 491, §§ 2, 3, 4, effective April 17.

RECENT ANNOTATIONS

School districts deemed to have standing to sue when alleging that charter school legislation infringed upon powers granted under § 15 of article IX of the state constitution. Boulder Valley Sch. Dist. RE-2 v. Colo. State Bd. of Educ., 217 P.3d 918 (Colo. App. 2009).

Individuals would have had standing to sue as a result of their interest in seeing that governmental entities function within the bounds of the state constitution. However, in this case, individual plaintiffs failed to submit evidence of their status as taxpayers, so court did not find that they had standing. Boulder Valley Sch. Dist. RE-2 v. Colo. State Bd. of Educ., 217 P.3d 918 (Colo. App. 2009).

Because this part 5 maintains the balance between the competing interests of the local district and the state, it is constitutional. Boulder Valley Sch. Dist. RE-2 v. Colo. State Bd. of Educ., 217 P.3d 918 (Colo. App. 2009).

Creation of state charter school institute does not violate the "general supervision" provision of § 1 of article IX of the state constitution because it is intended to make the statewide education system more thorough by expanding the options available to all students in the state and more uniform by ensuring that comparable opportunities for creating charter schools exist across the state. Boulder Valley Sch. Dist. RE-2 v. Colo. State Bd. of Educ., 217 P.3d 918 (Colo. App. 2009).

The constitutional requirement of a "thorough and uniform system", § 2 of art. IX of the state constitution, should not be interpreted to mean a single uniform system of public schools consisting of school districts governed by locally elected officials. The state is not prohibited from creating a school system with different types of schools, some controlled by school districts while others are not, so long as the additional educational opportunities are open to all students in the state. Boulder Valley Sch. Dist. RE-2 v. Colo. State Bd. of Educ., 217 P.3d 918 (Colo. App. 2009).

Local boards' power to implement, guide, or manage educational programs in local public schools is not usurped by charter school institute. Nothing in this part 5 forces anything upon local school districts. Boulder Valley Sch. Dist. RE-2 v. Colo. State Bd. of Educ., 217 P.3d 918 (Colo. App. 2009).

Decision to operate a public school is not a "municipal function" that the general assembly may not delegate to the charter school institute without violating § 35 of article V of the state constitution. Court holds that the functioning of the public schools does not primarily affect only those within the geographic boundaries of a school district. Boulder Valley Sch. Dist. RE-2 v. Colo. State Bd. of Educ., 217 P.3d 918 (Colo. App. 2009).

22-30.5-505. State charter school institute - institute board - appointment - powers and duties - rules.

(1) The institute shall consist of the institute board, appointed pursuant to subsection (2) of this section, and any staff or contract employees hired by the institute board as authorized by law. Any staff hired by the institute board shall be deemed employees subject to the state personnel system of this state as defined in section 13 of article XII of the state constitution and article 50 of title 24, C.R.S.; except that, as a matter of legislative determination, all positions classified by the institute board as professional officers and professional staff of the institute are declared to be educational in nature and exempt from the state personnel system.

(2) (a) The institute board shall consist of nine members, no more than five of whom are members of the same political party. Seven of the members shall be appointed by the governor, with the consent of the senate, and two of the members shall be appointed by the commissioner. In making the appointments, the governor and the commissioner shall ensure the institute board reflects the geographic diversity of the state. In making appointments on and after August 5, 2009, the governor and the commissioner shall ensure that at least one member of the institute board is a parent of a student who is, or who has been, enrolled in an institute charter school. Members appointed to the institute board shall have experience in at least one of the following areas:

(I) Experience as a charter school board member or founder of a charter school;

(II) Experience as a public school administrator with experience working with charter schools;

(III) Financial management expertise;

(IV) Detailed knowledge of charter school law;

(V) Other board or public service experience;

(VI) Experience as a public school teacher;

(VII) On-line education and on-line curriculum development expertise;

(VIII) School district special education expertise; and

(IX) Curriculum and assessment expertise.

(b) The members of the institute board shall serve terms of three years; except that, of the members first appointed by the governor, two members shall serve a term of three years, three members shall serve a term of two years, and two members shall serve a term of one year; and of the members first appointed by the commissioner, one member shall serve a term of three years and one member shall serve a term of one year. No member shall serve more than six consecutive years. The governor and the commissioner shall make the initial appointments no later than thirty days after July 1, 2004.

(c) An institute board member may be removed for any cause that renders the member incapable or unfit to discharge the duties of the office. Whenever a vacancy on the institute board exists, the person making the original appointment shall appoint a member for the remaining portion of the unexpired term created by the vacancy.

(d) For any board member appointed on or after May 22, 2008, during his or her term of office, a member of the institute board shall not be a member of the general assembly; an officer, employee, or board member of a school district; a member of the state board; or an employee of the institute board or the department of education.

(3) The mission of the institute board shall be to foster high-quality public school choices offered through institute charter schools, including particularly schools that are focused on closing the achievement gap for at-risk students. In discharging its duties pursuant to this part 5, the institute shall:

(a) Act as a model of best practices in authorizing charter schools;

(b) Use state and federal systems for ensuring the accountability of each institute charter school in meeting the obligations and goals set forth in its contract and shall adopt and implement policies for accreditation of institute charter schools as described in section 22-11-307;

(c) Measure the academic success of each institute charter school student through longitudinal indices;

(d) Measure the academic success of each institute charter school through performance-based means and not process-based means;

(e) Provide the opportunity for a student enrolled in an institute charter school to develop a plan for academic remediation upon the request of the student's parent or legal guardian; and

(f) Ensure that each student who enrolls in the sixth grade in an institute charter school, on the day of enrollment, is registered with the state-provided, free on-line college planning and preparation resource, commonly referred to as "CollegeInColorado.org". The institute, the department, and the department of higher education shall collaborate to monitor the implementation of this paragraph (f) and to ensure optimal interactivity between the various data bases and student record systems employed by institute charter schools and college in Colorado. Each institute charter school shall assist each student and his or her parent or legal guardian to develop and maintain the student's individual career and academic plan no later than the beginning of ninth grade but may assist the student and his or her parent or legal guardian to develop and maintain the student's individual career and academic plan in any grade prior to ninth grade.

(3.5) The institute board shall ensure that the names of institute board members and the schedule of, agendas for, and minutes of the meetings and hearings held by the institute board are promptly posted and updated on the state charter school institute's web site. The department on its web site shall provide a link to the state charter school institute's web site.

(4) In addition to any other powers granted by law to the institute board, the institute board shall have the following powers:

(a) To have and use a corporate seal;

(b) To sue and be sued in its own name;

(c) To incur debts, liabilities, and obligations, subject to any limitations imposed thereon pursuant to law;

(d) To cooperate and contract with the state or federal government or an agency or instrumentality thereof and to apply for and receive grants or financial assistance from any such entities;

(e) To acquire, hold, lease, sell, or otherwise dispose of real or personal property or a commodity or service;

(f) To do or perform an act authorized by this part 5 by means of an agent or by contract with a person, firm, or corporation;

(g) To provide for the necessary expenses of the institute board in the exercise of its powers and the performance of its duties and to reimburse a board member for necessary expenses incurred in the performance of the board member's duties;

(h) To provide for the proper keeping of accounts and records and for budgeting of funds;

(i) To act as a public entity for purposes of the "Colorado Governmental Immunity Act", article 10 of title 24, C.R.S.;

(j) To exercise the same powers retained by boards of cooperative services that are described in section 22-5-108;

(k) To promulgate rules in accordance with article 4 of title 24, C.R.S., for the administration of this part 5; and

(l) To award grants from the institute charter school capital construction assistance grant fund as provided in section 22-30.5-515.5.

(5) No later than ninety days after the date the institute commences operations, as described in section 22-30.5-506 (2) (a), the institute board shall promulgate rules that set forth the procedures for the acceptance of institute charter school applications and the criteria for authorizing institute charter schools pursuant to this part 5.

(6) (a) The institute may contract with boards of cooperative services created pursuant to article 5 of this title, or with any other qualified individual or public or private entity or organization, including a school district, for the provision of administrative or other support services directly to the institute or for the benefit of institute charter schools.

(b) This part 5 shall not be construed to require the institute to provide services to an institute charter school, to require an institute charter school to purchase services from the institute, nor to prohibit an institute charter school from purchasing education-related services from any sources available, including a school district.

(7) The institute shall ensure that each institute charter school complies with the provisions of articles 7 and 11 of this title. Each institute charter school shall be responsible for gathering and submitting to the institute the data necessary to prepare a school performance report required by section 22-11-503 for the institute charter school.

(8) The institute shall ensure that each institute charter school adopts content standards in a manner consistent with that required of school districts pursuant to section 22-7-407.

(9) The institute shall ensure that each institute charter school addresses the expulsion, suspension, and education of expelled or suspended students in a manner consistent with the intents and purposes of sections 22-33-106 and 22-33-203.

(10) The institute may issue requests for proposals to solicit applications for an institute charter school to serve at-risk students.

(11) The institute shall annually review each institute charter school's accomplishment of the goals described in section 22-30.5-509.

(12) (a) On or before August 1, 2008, the institute shall collect from institute charter schools the data specified in paragraph (b) of this subsection (12). At a minimum, the institute shall require the institute charter schools to update the collected data on March 1, May 1, and July 1 of each year starting in 2009. Upon receipt of a request from a school district, the institute shall provide a copy of the collected data to the school district.

(b) The data collected pursuant to this subsection (12) shall include, at a minimum:

(I) The projected aggregate number of students enrolling in institute charter schools for the upcoming academic year who were enrolled in schools of the school district for the preceding academic year; and

(II) For each student included in subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (b), to the extent known:

(A) The name of the school in which the student was enrolled in the preceding academic year; and

(B) The name of the institute charter school and the grade in which the student is enrolled for the upcoming academic year.

(13) Pursuant to section 22-30.5-517, the institute shall adopt and implement a policy that regulates the sale of beverages to students at an institute charter school.

(14) If an institute charter school requests in writing that the institute provide food services pursuant to a contract with the institute charter school that includes certain terms specified by the institute charter school, the institute may attempt to negotiate the terms of the contract with the institute charter school. If the institute and the institute charter school attempt to negotiate contract terms that are mutually satisfactory, and the negotiations fail to produce such mutually satisfactory terms, the institute shall:

(a) Agree to provide food services to the institute charter school according to the terms requested by the institute charter school; or

(b) Allow the institute charter school to transfer the maintenance, supervision, and operation of the institute charter school's food-service facility from the institute to a school food authority.

(15) Pursuant to section 22-30.5-518, the institute shall adopt and implement a policy for the management of food allergies and anaphylaxis among students enrolled in institute charter schools.

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1600, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2005: (3)(e) added, p. 520, § 3, effective May 24. L. 2007: (2)(d) added, p. 740, § 17, effective May 9. L. 2008: IP(3) amended and (3.5) and (12) added, p. 492, §§ 5, 6, effective April 17; (2)(d) amended, p. 1211, § 23, effective May 22; (13) added, p. 643, § 5, effective August 5. L. 2009: (14) added, (SB 09-230), ch. 227, p. 1034, § 5, effective May 4; (3)(b) and (7) amended, (SB 09-163), ch. 293, p. 1539, § 34, effective May 21; (3)(d) and (3)(e) amended and (3)(f) added, (SB 09-256), ch. 294, p. 1555, § 13, effective May 21; (4)(j) and (4)(k) amended and (4)(l) added, (SB 09-089), ch. 440, p. 2435, § 3, effective June 4; (2)(a) and (2)(d) amended, (SB 09-090), ch. 291, p. 1440, §§ 6, 7, effective August 5; (15) added, (SB 09-226), ch. 245, p. 1105, § 3, effective August 5.

Editor's note: (1) Subsection (3)(e) was originally numbered as (3)(l) in House Bill 05-1027 but has been renumbered on revision for ease of location.

(2) Subsections (2)(a) and (2)(d) were amended and subsection (15) was added by 2009 acts that were passed without safety clauses. The acts, or portions thereof, may not take effect if the people exercise their right to petition under article V, section 1 (3) of the state constitution. For further explanation concerning the effective date, see page ix of this volume.

Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2008 act amending subsection (2)(d), see section 1 of chapter 286, Session Laws of Colorado 2008. For the legislative declaration contained in the 2008 act enacting subsection (13), see section 1 of chapter 185, Session Laws of Colorado 2008. For the legislative declaration contained in the 2009 act adding subsection (15), see section 1 of chapter 245, Session Laws of Colorado 2009.

22-30.5-506. State charter school institute fund - created.

(1) The state charter school institute is authorized to receive and expend gifts, grants, and donations of any kind from any public or private entity to carry out the purposes of this part 5, subject to the terms and conditions under which given; except that no gift, grant, or donation shall be accepted if the conditions attached thereto require the use or expenditure thereof in a manner contrary to law. Any gifts, grants, or donations received pursuant to this subsection (1) shall be transmitted to the state treasurer who shall credit the same to the state charter school institute fund, hereinafter referred to as the "fund", which fund is hereby created in the state treasury. Moneys in the fund shall be subject to annual appropriation by the general assembly to the institute, to offset the actual and reasonable costs incurred by the institute in implementing this part 5. All investment earnings derived from the deposit and investment of the moneys in the fund shall be credited to the fund. Any unexpended and unencumbered moneys remaining in the fund at the end of any fiscal year shall remain in the fund and shall not be transferred to the general fund or any other fund.

(2) (a) The institute shall not be obligated to commence operations necessary to receive applications, until such time as there is at least fifty thousand dollars in the fund, whether received from gifts, grants, donations, or other sources.

(b) The institute shall not be obligated to commence review of applications actually received, until such time as the balance in the fund reaches at least one hundred fifty thousand dollars, whether received from gifts, grants, donations, or other sources.

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1603, § 1, effective July 1.

22-30.5-507. Institute charter school - requirements - authority.

(1) (a) An institute charter school shall be a public, nonsectarian, nonreligious, non-home-based school that operates pursuant to a charter contract authorized by the state charter school institute.

(b) An institute charter school shall exist as a public school within the state, unaffiliated with a school district. Nothing in this part 5 shall be construed to permit a school district to determine curriculum, policies, procedures, or operations of an institute charter school, including but not limited to compliance with the accountability provisions specified in this title, accreditation contracts, and statewide assessment requirements.

(c) Each institute charter school authorized on or after July 1, 2008, shall include within its name the phrase "state charter school".

(2) An institute charter school shall be:

(a) Subject to the terms of the charter contract entered into with the institute;

(b) Accountable to the institute for purposes of ensuring compliance with applicable laws and charter contract provisions; and

(c) Subject to accreditation by the institute board pursuant to the institute's policy for accrediting the institute charter schools adopted pursuant to section 22-11-307 and section 22-30.5-505 (3) (b). Each institute charter school shall also be subject to annual review by the department pursuant to section 22-11-210.

(3) An institute charter school shall be subject to all federal and state laws and constitutional provisions prohibiting discrimination on the basis of disability, race, creed, color, sex, sexual orientation, national origin, religion, ancestry, or need for special education services. Enrollment in an institute charter school shall be open to any child who resides within the state; except that an institute charter school shall not be required to make alterations in the structure of the facility used by the institute charter school or to make alterations to the arrangement or function of rooms within the facility, except as may be required by state or federal law. Enrollment decisions shall be made in a nondiscriminatory manner specified by the applicant in the institute charter school application.

(4) An institute charter school shall be administered and governed by a governing body in a manner agreed to and set forth in the charter contract. An institute charter school may organize as a nonprofit corporation pursuant to the "Colorado Revised Nonprofit Corporation Act", articles 121 to 137 of title 7, C.R.S., which shall not affect its status as a public school for any purposes under Colorado law.

(5) In order to clarify the status of institute charter schools for purposes of tax-exempt financing, an institute charter school, as a public school, is a governmental entity. Direct leases and financial obligations of an institute charter school shall not constitute debt or financial obligations of the state or any school district.

(6) Except as otherwise provided in sections 22-20-109 (5), 22-32-115 (1) and (2), and 22-54-109, an institute charter school shall not charge tuition.

(7) Pursuant to the charter contract, an institute charter school may operate free from specified statutes and state board rules. The state board may waive state statutory requirements or rules promulgated by the state board; except that the state board may not waive any statute or rule relating to school accountability committees as described in section 22-11-401, any state statute or rule relating to the assessments required to be administered pursuant to section 22-7-409, any state statute or rule necessary to prepare the school performance reports pursuant to part 5 of article 11 of this title, or any statute or rule necessary to implement the provisions of the "Public School Finance Act of 1994", article 54 of this title, or any state statute or rule relating to the "Children's Internet Protection Act", article 87 of this title. Any waiver of state statute or state board rule made pursuant to this subsection (7) shall be for the term of the contract for which the waiver is made. A request for a waiver may be submitted to the institute as a part of the application for an institute charter school.

(8) (a) An institute charter school shall be responsible for its own operation including, but not limited to, preparation of a budget, contracting for services, and personnel matters.

(b) An institute charter school may negotiate and contract with a school district, the governing body of a state college or university, a school food authority, or any third party for the use of a school building and grounds, the operation and maintenance thereof, and the provision of any service, activity, or undertaking that the institute charter school is required to perform in order to carry out the educational program described in its charter contract. The institute charter school shall have standing to sue and be sued in its own name for the enforcement of any contract created pursuant to this paragraph (b).

(9) An institute charter school is authorized to offer any educational program, including but not limited to an on-line program pursuant to article 30.7 of this title, that may be offered by a school district, unless expressly prohibited by its charter contract or by state law.

(11) An institute charter school may apply for authorization as a school food authority pursuant to section 22-32-120.

Source: L. 2004: (7) amended, p. 1592, § 27, effective June 3; entire part added, p. 1604, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2007: (9) amended, p. 1089, § 14, effective July 1. L. 2008: (1)(c) added, p. 492, § 7, effective April 17; (3) amended, p. 1601, § 22, effective May 29. L. 2009: (8)(b) amended and (11) added, (SB 09-230), ch. 227, p. 1034, § 6, effective May 4; (2)(c) and (7) amended, (SB 09-163), ch. 293, p. 1539, § 35, effective May 21; (7) amended, (SB 09-090), ch. 291, p. 1446, § 23, effective August 5.

Editor's note: (1) Amendments to subsection (7) by Senate Bill 09-090 and Senate Bill 09-163 were harmonized.

(2) (a) Subsection (7) was amended by a 2009 act that was passed without a safety clause. The act, or portions thereof, may not take effect if the people exercise their right to petition under article V, section 1 (3) of the state constitution. For further explanation concerning the effective date, see page ix of this volume.

(b) Section 24(2)(b) of chapter 291, Session Laws of Colorado 2009, provides that amendments to subsection (7) by section 23 of said chapter are effective only if Senate Bill 09-163 is enacted and becomes law. Said bill was signed by the governor May 21, 2009.

Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2008 act amending subsection (3), see section 1 of chapter 341, Session Laws of Colorado 2008.

22-30.5-508. Institute charter schools - contract contents - regulations.

(1) An approved institute charter school application shall serve as the basis for a charter contract between the institute charter school and the institute.

(2) Repealed.

(3) The charter contract between the institute charter school and the institute shall reflect all requests for release from state statutes and rules made by the institute charter school applicant. Within forty-five days after a request for release is received by the state board, the state board shall either grant or deny the request. If the state board grants the request, it may orally notify the institute charter school of its decision. If the state board denies the request, it shall notify the institute charter school in writing that the request is denied and specify the reasons for denial. If the institute charter school does not receive notice of the state board's decision within forty-five days after submittal of the request for release, the request shall be deemed granted. If the state board denies a request for release that includes multiple state statutes or rules, the denial shall specify the state statutes and rules for which the release is denied, and the denial shall apply only to those state statutes and rules so specified.

(4) A material revision of the terms of the charter contract may be made only with the approval of the institute and the governing body of the institute charter school.

(5) Any term included in a charter contract that would require an institute charter school to waive or otherwise forgo receipt of any amount of operational or capital construction funds provided to the institute charter school pursuant to the provisions of this part 5 or pursuant to any other provision of law is hereby declared null and void as against public policy and is unenforceable. In no event shall this subsection (5) be construed to prohibit any institute charter school from contracting with the institute for the purchase of services, including but not limited to the purchase of educational services.

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1606, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2007: (2) repealed, p. 745, § 28, effective May 9. L. 2009: (5) amended, (SB 09-256), ch. 294, p. 1556, § 14, effective May 21.

22-30.5-509. Institute charter school application - contents.

(1) The institute charter school application shall be a proposed agreement and shall include:

(a) The mission statement of the institute charter school, which shall be consistent with the principles of the general assembly's declared purposes as set forth in section 22-30.5-501;

(b) The goals, objectives, and pupil performance standards, in compliance with state and federal law, including but not limited to the performance indicators specified in section 22-11-204, to be achieved by the institute charter school for all students who enroll;

(c) Evidence that an adequate number of parents, teachers, pupils, or any combination thereof, support the formation of an institute charter school;

(d) A description of the institute charter school's educational program, targets for the measures used to determine the levels of attainment of the performance indicators specified in section 22-11-204, and the plan for administration of the statewide assessments described in article 7 of this title;

(e) A description of the institute charter school's plan for evaluating pupil performance; the types of assessments that will be used to measure pupil progress towards achievement of the institute charter school's pupil performance goals for all students enrolled and the targets for the measures used to determine the levels of attainment of the performance indicators; the timeline for achievement of the goals and targets; and the procedures for taking corrective action in the event that pupil performance at the institute charter school falls below such goals and targets;

(f) Evidence that the plan for the institute charter school is economically sound, a proposed budget for the term of the contract, and a description of the manner in which an annual audit of the financial and administrative operations of the institute charter school will be conducted;

(g) A description of the governance and operation of the institute charter school, including the nature and extent of parental, professional educator, and community involvement in the governance and operation of the institute charter school;

(h) An explanation of the relationship that will exist between the institute charter school and its employees, and the employment policies of the institute charter school;

(i) A plan for the institute charter school to meet applicable insurance coverage requirements;

(j) A plan for the institute charter school to conduct community outreach to recruit and retain at-risk students; and

(k) A description of the institute charter school's enrollment policy, consistent with the requirements of section 22-30.5-507 (3), and the criteria for enrollment decisions.

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1606, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2009: (1)(b), (1)(d), and (1)(e) amended, (SB 09-163), ch. 293, p. 1540, § 36, effective May 21.

22-30.5-510. Institute charter school application - process - rule-making.

(1) (a) Except as otherwise provided in section 22-30.5-506 (2), the institute shall receive and review all applications for institute charter schools. An application for an institute charter school may be submitted by one or more individuals, by a nonprofit, governmental, or other entity or organization, or by an existing charter school authorized by a district. An entity applying for an institute charter school shall file an application with the institute by a date determined by rule of the institute board to be eligible for consideration for the following school year. Prior to any change in the application deadline, the institute shall notify each known institute charter school applicant of the proposed change by certified letter. If the institute finds the institute charter school application is incomplete, the institute shall request the necessary information from the applicant.



(a.3) An application to convert an existing charter school authorized by a school district to an institute charter school shall include evidence that an adequate number of parents, teachers, or pupils or any combination thereof support the conversion to an institute charter school.

(a.5) The institute's approval of an application from an existing charter school shall not relieve the charter school of any preexisting contractual obligations or relationships, including obligations of the charter school to the school district that oversees the charter school; except that the charter school shall no longer be subject to the oversight and control of the school district. The transfer of oversight of a charter school from a school district to the institute shall not be deemed a dissolution or other event that empowers or obligates the school district to wind down the charter school's affairs or to dispose of the charter school's assets.

(b) The institute board shall set forth by rule all necessary procedures for the application process and for application review by the institute and the institute board. The rules shall describe a rigorous review of the application that includes, but is not necessarily limited to, the following key evaluative areas involving the institute charter school:

(I) The number of at-risk students that the institute charter school anticipates serving, both as an absolute number and as a percentage of the entire student body expected to enroll at the institute charter school;

(II) Curriculum and instructional program;

(III) Nonacademic program characteristics;

(IV) Financial viability;

(V) Appropriate governance model and proposed practices;

(VI) Appropriate, consistent, clear, and measurable accountability systems;

(VII) The extent to which the instructional program fits the mission statement of the institute charter school;

(VIII) Whether the institute charter school will provide an educational option that substantially differs from the educational opportunities provided by existing schools of the school district that have capacity to accommodate additional students;

(IX) The institute charter school's plan for outreach and recruitment of students whose race, gender, and ethnicity reflect the demographics of the community that the institute charter school intends to serve; and

(X) The institute charter school's plan for identifying and reducing the academic achievement gaps among its student population.

(c) The rules described in paragraph (b) of this subsection (1) shall require the applicant to provide written notification of the application to the school district board of education and the school district accountability committee of the school district in which the proposed institute charter school is to be located. The rules shall permit the board of education and the accountability committee to submit to the institute written comments concerning the institute charter school application.

(d) When the institute determines that it has received a complete application for an institute charter school, the institute shall send notice to the local board of education and the school district accountability committee for the school district in which the proposed institute charter school is to be located. At a minimum, the notice shall include the following information:

(I) The schedule by which the institute will review the application and determine whether to authorize the institute charter school;

(II) The dates and locations of meetings at which the institute will consider the application, including at least one meeting within the school district;

(III) Instructions specifying how the local board may request information from the institute regarding:

(A) The location of the proposed institute charter school, if known; and

(B) Enrollment projections for the proposed institute charter school, including the projected number of at-risk students; and

(IV) An invitation to the local board of education to send comments to the institute regarding the school district's concerns with any portion of the application, including any comments concerning whether the proposed new institute charter school substantially differs from existing educational options within the school district that have the capacity to accommodate additional students.

(2) (a) Prior to ruling on the application for an institute charter school, one or more representatives of the institute board shall hold a public meeting in the school district in which the institute charter school would be located. At the meeting, the representatives of the institute board, at a minimum, shall take public testimony regarding whether to approve or disapprove the application for an institute charter school.

(b) The institute board shall rule by resolution on the application for an institute charter school in a public hearing, following reasonable public notice, within sixty days after receiving the application filed pursuant to subsection (1) of this section. At the public hearing, prior to adopting the resolution, the institute board shall make available to persons in attendance at the hearing a written summary of the testimony received at the meeting held pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (2) and, on the record, shall consider the testimony and its application to the institute board's decision.

(c) All negotiations between the institute charter school and the institute on the charter contract shall be concluded, and all terms of the charter contract agreed upon, no later than forty-five days after the institute board approves the application for an institute charter school.

(3) The institute charter school applicant and the institute may jointly waive the deadlines set forth in this section.

(4) If the institute denies an institute charter school application, it shall state its reasons for the denial. Within thirty days after the denial, the entity that submitted the institute charter school application may submit to the state board a notice of appeal, stating the grounds for the appeal.

(5) Within sixty days after receipt of a notice of appeal by the state board and after reasonable public notice, the state board shall review the decision of the institute and determine whether the decision was arbitrary and capricious. The state board shall remand the matter to the institute with instructions to approve or deny the institute charter school application. The decision of the state board shall be final and not subject to appeal.

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1607, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2008: (1)(a), (1)(b), and (2) amended and (1)(a.3), (1)(a.5), and (1)(d) added, p. 493, § 8, effective April 17.

22-30.5-511. Institute charter schools - term - renewal of contract - grounds for nonrenewal or revocation - appeal.

(1) (a) A new charter contract for an institute charter school may be approved for succeeding periods of at least three academic years but not more than five academic years, and the charter contract may be renewed for a period not to exceed five academic years.

(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this subsection (1) to the contrary, an institute charter school and the institute may agree to extend the length of the charter contract beyond five academic years for the purpose of enhancing the terms of any lease or financial obligation.

(2) An institute charter school shall submit an annual report to the institute on the institute charter school's progress in achieving the goals, objectives, pupil performance standards, content standards, targets for the measures used to determine the levels of attainment of the performance indicators, and other terms of the pending charter contract. The institute shall consider, during the review of a renewal application, the annual reports submitted by the institute charter school during the term of the pending charter contract.

(3) The institute board may revoke or deny renewal of a charter contract if the institute board determines that the institute charter school did any of the following:

(a) Committed a material violation of any of the conditions, standards, or procedures set forth in the charter contract of the institute charter school;

(b) Failed to meet or make reasonable progress toward achievement of the content standards, pupil performance standards, or targets for the measures used to determine the levels of attainment of the performance indicators identified in the charter contract of the institute charter school;

(c) Was required to adopt a turnaround plan and the state board recommended pursuant to section 22-11-210 that the institute charter school be restructured;

(d) Failed to meet generally accepted standards of fiscal management; or

(e) Violated any provision of law from which the institute charter school was not specifically exempted.

(4) In addition, the institute board may deny renewal of a charter contract upon a determination by the institute board that it is not in the best interests of the pupils attending the institute charter school to continue the operation of the institute charter school.

(5) (a) If the institute revokes or denies renewal of a charter contract of an institute charter school, the institute board shall state its reasons for the revocation or denial.

(b) (I) The state board, upon receipt of a notice of appeal or upon its own motion, may review decisions of the institute board concerning the revocation or nonrenewal of an institute charter school's charter contract. An institute charter school or any other person who wishes to appeal a decision of the institute board concerning the revocation or nonrenewal of a charter contract shall provide the state board and the institute board with a notice of appeal within thirty days after the institute board's decision. The person bringing the appeal shall limit the grounds of the appeal to the grounds for the revocation or the nonrenewal of the charter contract specified by the institute board. The notice shall include a brief statement of the reasons the person contends the institute board's revocation or nonrenewal of the charter contract was in error.

(II) Within sixty days after receipt of the notice of appeal or the making of a motion to review by the state board and after reasonable public notice, the state board, at a public hearing which may be held in the school district in which the institute charter school is located, shall review the decision of the institute board and make its findings. If the state board finds that the institute board's decision was contrary to the best interests of the pupils attending the institute charter school, the state board shall remand such final decision to the institute board with instructions to renew or reinstate the charter contract of the institute charter school. The decision of the state board shall be final and not subject to appeal.

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1609, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2006: (3)(c) amended, p. 403, § 3, effective April 6. L. 2009: (2), (3)(b), and (3)(c) amended, (SB 09-163), ch. 293, p. 1540, § 37, effective May 21.

22-30.5-511.5. Background investigation - institute charter school employees' information provided to department.

(1) An institute charter school shall conduct a background investigation, including a fingerprint-based criminal history record check, as described in sections 22-30.5-110.5 and 22-30.5-110.7, of an applicant to whom an offer of employment is extended by the institute charter school to determine whether the applicant is suitable to work in an environment with children. An applicant who applies for a position of employment with an institute charter school shall submit to a background investigation, including a fingerprint-based criminal history record check, as described in sections 22-30.5-110.5 and 22-30.5-110.7.

(2) When an institute charter school finds good cause to believe that a person employed by the institute charter school has been convicted of a felony or misdemeanor, other than a misdemeanor traffic offense or traffic infraction subsequent to such employment, the institute charter school shall require the person to submit to the institute charter school a complete set of his or her fingerprints for a fingerprint-based criminal history record check as described in section 22-30.5-110.7 (6).

(3) Each institute charter school shall comply with the reporting requirements specified in section 22-30.5-110.5.

Source: L. 2008: Entire section added, p. 1664, § 4, effective May 29.

22-30.5-512. Institute charter schools - employee retirement funds.

A local board of education shall determine by policy or by negotiated agreement, if one exists, the employment status of school district employees employed by an institute charter school who seek to return to employment with public schools in the school district. Employees of an institute charter school shall be members of the public employees' retirement association. The institute charter school and the employee shall contribute the appropriate respective amounts as required by the funds of such association.

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1610, § 1, effective July 1.

22-30.5-513. Institute charter schools - definitions - funding.

(1) As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:

(a) "Accounting district" means the school district within whose geographic boundaries an institute charter school is physically located.

(b) "Accounting district's adjusted per pupil revenues" means the accounting district's per pupil funding plus the accounting district's at-risk per pupil funding.

(c) "Accounting district's at-risk funding" means the amount of funding for at-risk pupils in the accounting district determined in accordance with the formulas described in section 22-54-104 (4).

(d) "Accounting district's at-risk per pupil funding" means the amount of funding determined in accordance with the following formula:

(The accounting district's at-risk funding divided by the accounting district's funded pupil count) x (the institute charter school's percentage of at-risk pupils divided by the accounting district's percentage of at-risk pupils)

(e) "Accounting district's funded pupil count" shall have the same meaning as the term "district funded pupil count" defined in section 22-54-103 (7).

(f) "Accounting district's per pupil funding" means the per pupil funding calculated for the accounting district pursuant to the formula described in section 22-54-104 (3).

(g) "Accounting district's per pupil on-line funding" means on-line funding, as specified in section 22-54-104 (4.5), for any budget year divided by the on-line pupil enrollment.

(h) "Administrative overhead costs" means all actual and reasonable costs incurred by the institute as a result of its performance of its obligations pursuant to this part 5. "Administrative overhead costs" shall not include any costs incurred in order to deliver services that an institute charter school may purchase at its discretion.

(i) "At-risk pupils" shall have the same meaning as provided in section 22-54-103 (1.5).

(j) "On-line pupil enrollment" means:

(I) Repealed.

(II) For the 2008-09 budget year, and for budget years thereafter, the number of pupils, on October 1 within the applicable budget year or the school day nearest said date, enrolled in, attending, and actively participating in a multi-district program, as defined in section 22-30.7-102 (6), created pursuant to article 30.7 of this title by the institute charter school.

(k) "Pupil enrollment" shall have the same meaning as provided in section 22-54-103 (10).

(l) "Qualified charter school" shall have the same meaning as provided in section 22-54-124 (1) (f.6).

(2) (a) As part of the charter contract, the institute charter school and the institute shall agree on funding and any services to be provided by the institute or by other parties to the institute charter school.

(b) For budget year 2004-05 and budget years thereafter, each institute charter school and the institute shall negotiate funding under the charter contract at a minimum of ninety-five percent of the institute charter school's accounting district's adjusted per pupil revenues for each pupil enrolled in the institute charter school who is not an on-line pupil and ninety-five percent of the institute charter school's accounting district's per pupil on-line funding for each on-line pupil enrolled in the institute charter school. The institute may retain the actual amount of the institute charter school's per pupil share of the administrative overhead costs for services actually provided to the institute charter school; except that the institute may retain no more than the actual cost of the administrative overhead costs not to exceed three percent of the accounting district's adjusted per pupil revenues for each pupil, who is not an on-line pupil, enrolled in the institute charter school and three percent of the accounting district's per pupil on-line funding for each on-line pupil enrolled in the institute charter school.

(c) Each institute charter school shall pay an amount equal to the per pupil cost incurred by the institute in providing federally required educational services, multiplied by the number of students enrolled in the institute charter school. At either party's request, the institute charter school and the institute may negotiate and include in the charter contract alternate arrangements for the provision of and payment for federally required educational services, including, but not necessarily limited to, a reasonable reserve not to exceed five percent of the institute's total budget for providing federally required educational services. The reserve shall only be used by the institute to offset excess costs of providing services to students with disabilities enrolled in any institute charter school.

(d) (I) Within ninety days after the end of each fiscal year, the institute shall provide to each institute charter school an itemized accounting of all the institute's administrative overhead costs. The actual administrative overhead costs shall be the amount charged to the institute charter school. Any difference, within the limitations of this subsection (2), between the amount initially charged to the institute charter school and the actual cost shall be reconciled and paid to the owed party.

(II) Within ninety days after the end of each fiscal year, the institute shall provide to each institute charter school an itemized accounting of all the actual costs of any additional services the institute charter school chose at its discretion to purchase as provided in paragraph (b) of subsection (4) of this section. Any difference between the amount initially charged to the institute charter school and the actual cost shall be reconciled and paid to the owed party.

(3) (a) On or before November 10 of each year, the institute shall certify to the state board each institute charter school's pupil enrollment and on-line pupil enrollment for that year. In certifying the pupil enrollment of each institute charter school to the state board, the institute shall specify the number of pupils enrolled in half-day kindergarten; the number of pupils enrolled in full-day kindergarten; the number of pupils enrolled in first grade through twelfth grade, specifying those who are enrolled as full-time students and those who are enrolled as less than full-time students; the number of expelled pupils receiving educational services pursuant to section 22-33-203; the number of pupils receiving educational programs under the "Exceptional Children's Educational Act", article 20 of this title; and the number of at-risk pupils. The institute shall also notify the department as to whether each institute charter school is a qualified charter school.

(b) For purposes of the "Public School Finance Act of 1994", article 54 of this title, the department shall add the pupils enrolled in an institute charter school to the funded pupil count and the on-line pupil enrollment of the institute charter school's accounting district.

(4) (a) (I) For each institute charter school, the department shall withhold from the state equalization payments of the institute charter school's accounting district an amount equal to one hundred percent of the accounting district's adjusted per pupil revenues multiplied by the number of pupils enrolled in the institute charter school who are not on-line pupils plus an amount equal to one hundred percent of the accounting district's per pupil on-line funding multiplied by the number of on-line pupils enrolled in the institute charter school. The department shall forward to the institute the amount withheld minus an amount not to exceed one percent of the amount withheld that the department may retain as reimbursement for the reasonable and necessary costs to the department to implement the provisions of this part 5.

(I.5) The institute shall forward to each institute charter school an amount equal to the institute charter school's pupil enrollment multiplied by the accounting district's adjusted per pupil revenues of the institute charter school's accounting district, minus:

(A) The amount withheld not to exceed one percent retained by the department pursuant to subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (a);

(B) An amount equal to one percent of the amount calculated for the institute charter school pursuant to subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (a), which amount the institute shall transfer to the state treasurer for credit to the institute charter school capital construction assistance fund created in section 22-30.5-515.5;

(C) Any amount agreed to by the institute and the institute charter school for repayment of a loan to the institute charter school from the institute charter school capital construction assistance fund created in section 22-30.5-515.5;

(D) Any amount withheld pursuant to section 22-30.5-406 for the direct payments made by the state treasurer of principal and interest due on bonds issued on behalf of the institute charter school by a governmental entity for the purpose of financing institute charter school capital construction;

(E) The amount of the actual costs incurred by the institute in providing necessary administration, oversight, and management services to the institute charter school, not to exceed three percent of the amount withheld; and

(F) The amount agreed to in the institute charter contract for any additional services, as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (4).

(II) Repealed.

(b) As part of the institute charter school contract, the institute charter school and the institute board shall agree on the services, other than necessary administration, oversight, and management services, to be provided to the institute charter school by any third party with which the institute or institute charter school contracts and the costs of the services.

(c) For budget years 2004-05 through 2010-11, the amount of funding specified in paragraph (a) of this subsection (4) shall reflect the one-percent increase in the statewide base per pupil funding for state fiscal years 2001-02 through 2010-11 received by school districts as required by section 17 of article IX of the state constitution.

(5) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2009, (SB 09-089), ch. 440, p. 2435, § 4, effective June 4, 2009.)

(6) (a) The governing body of an institute charter school is authorized to accept gifts, donations, or grants of any kind made to the institute charter school and to expend or use said gifts, donations, or grants in accordance with the conditions prescribed by the donor; however, no gift, donation, or grant shall be accepted by the governing body if subject to any condition contrary to law or contrary to the terms of the charter contract between the institute charter school and the institute.

(b) Moneys received by an institute charter school from any source and remaining in the institute charter school's accounts at the end of a budget year shall remain in the institute charter school's accounts for use by the institute charter school during subsequent budget years and shall not revert to the state. Moneys remaining in the institute charter school's accounts upon revocation or nonrenewal of the charter contract shall revert to the institute; except that any gifts shall be disposed of in accordance with any conditions prescribed by the donor that are not contrary to law.

(7) and (8) Repealed.

(9) (a) For the 2004-05 budget year, and for each budget year thereafter, the proportionate share of moneys generated under federal or state categorical aid programs shall be directed to institute charter schools serving students eligible for such aid.

(b) Each institute charter school that receives federal or state categorical aid shall comply with all applicable federal and state reporting requirements to receive such aid.

(10) (a) On or before December 1, 2009, and on or before December 1 each year thereafter, a representative from the governing board of each institute charter school and the institute board shall meet to review the level of funding received by the institute as a result of the moneys withheld by the institute for the amount of actual costs incurred by the institute in providing necessary administration, oversight, and management services to the institute charter schools. The institute charter school representatives and the institute board shall, at a minimum, review, for each budget year beginning with the 2004-05 budget year, the amount of moneys annually appropriated to the institute, the amount of costs incurred by the institute, and the services provided by the institute.

(b) On or before January 15, 2010, and on or before January 15 each year thereafter, the institute board shall submit to the education committees of the senate and the house of representatives, or any successor committees, the findings of the review described in paragraph (a) of this subsection (10) and any recommendations for legislative changes regarding the operations of the institute.

(c) The provisions of this subsection (10) shall not be interpreted as limiting the authority of the institute or the institute board in making decisions concerning operations of the institute or the use of institute moneys.

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1611, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2006: (1) R&RE, (2)(b) and (4)(a) amended, and (7) and (8) repealed, pp. 572, 573, 574, §§ 1, 3, 4, effective April 24. L. 2007: (1)(g) amended, p. 744, § 25, effective May 9; (1)(g) and (1)(j) amended, pp. 1091, 1086, §§ 21, 9, effective July 1. L. 2009: (4)(a) and (5) amended and (10) added, (SB 09-089), ch. 440, p. 2435, § 4, effective June 4; (1)(j)(I) repealed, (SB 09-292), ch. 369, p. 1962, § 59, effective August 5.

Editor's note: (1) Amendments to subsection (1)(g) by Senate Bill 07-199 and Senate Bill 07-215 were harmonized.

(2) Subsection (4)(a)(II)(B) provided for the repeal of subsection (4)(a)(II), effective July 1, 2008. (See L. 2006, p. 573.)

(3) Subsection (1)(j)(I) was repealed by a 2009 act that was passed without a safety clause. The act establishes an effective date of August 5, 2009; however, the act, or portions thereof, may not take effect if the people exercise their right to petition under article V, section 1 (3) of the state constitution. For further explanation concerning the effective date, see page ix of this volume.

22-30.5-514. Institute charter school - capital reserve, risk management, and instructional purposes.

(1) For the 2004-05 budget year through the 2008-09 budget year, each institute charter school shall annually allocate the minimum per pupil dollar amount specified in section 22-54-105 (2) (b), multiplied by the number of students enrolled in the institute charter school who are not students enrolled in an on-line program, as defined in section 22-30.7-102 (9), to a fund created by the institute charter school for capital reserve purposes, as set forth in section 22-45-103 (1) (c) and (1) (e), or solely for the management of risk-related activities, as identified in section 24-10-115, C.R.S., and article 13 of title 29, C.R.S., or among such allowable funds. Said moneys shall be used for the purposes set forth in section 22-45-103 (1) (c) and (1) (e) and may not be expended by the institute charter school for any other purpose. Any moneys remaining in such fund that have not been expended prior to the 2009-10 budget year shall be budgeted for the purposes set forth in section 22-45-103 (1) (c) and (1) (e) in the 2009-10 budget year or any budget year thereafter.

(2) For the 2004-05 budget year through the 2008-09 budget year, each institute charter school shall annually allocate the minimum per pupil dollar amount specified in section 22-54-105 (1) (b), multiplied by the number of students enrolled in the institute charter school who are not students enrolled in an on-line program, as defined in section 22-30.7-102 (9), to accounts created by the institute charter school for instructional supplies and materials, instructional capital outlays, or other instructional purposes, as set forth in section 22-45-103 (1) (a) (II), or among such accounts. Moneys may be transferred among the three accounts. The moneys in the accounts shall be used for the purposes set forth in section 22-45-103 (1) (a) (II) and may not be expended by the institute charter school for any other purpose. Any moneys in the accounts that are not projected to be expended during a budget year shall be budgeted for the purposes set forth in section 22-45-103 (1) (a) (II) in the next budget year. Nothing in this subsection (2) shall be construed to require that interest on moneys in the accounts be specifically allocated to the accounts. Any moneys remaining in any such account that have not been expended prior to the 2009-10 budget year shall be budgeted for the purposes set forth in section 22-45-103 (1) (a) (II) in the 2009-10 budget year or any budget year thereafter.

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1616, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2007: (1) and (2) amended, p. 1091, § 22, effective July 1. L. 2009: Entire section amended, (SB 09-256), ch. 294, p. 1556, § 15, effective May 21.

22-30.5-515. Institute charter school - additional aid.

(1) (a) For the 2004-05 budget year and each budget year thereafter, a qualified charter school, as that term is defined in section 22-54-124, that is an institute charter school shall receive state education fund moneys from the department in an amount equal to the percentage of the total qualified charter school pupil enrollment that is attributable to pupils expected to be enrolled in the institute charter school multiplied by the total amount of state education fund moneys distributed for the same budget year pursuant to section 22-54-124 (3).

(b) As used in this subsection (1), "pupils" means pupils other than pupils enrolled in an on-line program, as defined in section 22-30.7-102 (9), who are enrolled in a qualified charter school.

(2) Funding received pursuant to subsection (1) of this section shall be in addition to any funding provided pursuant to section 22-30.5-513.

(3) The department shall provide funding to each qualified charter school that is an institute charter school by making a single lump-sum payment to the institute as soon as possible after the department receives a lump-sum payment of state education fund moneys pursuant to section 22-54-124. The institute shall promptly remit the appropriate amount to each eligible institute charter school and shall not withhold any portion of the amount.

(4) An institute charter school shall use moneys it receives pursuant to subsection (1) of this section solely for capital construction, as defined in section 22-54-124 (1) (a).

Source: L. 2004: Entire part added, p. 1617, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2007: (1)(b) amended, p. 1091, § 23, effective July 1.

22-30.5-515.5. Institute charter school capital construction assistance fund - created - grants - loans - rules.

(1) (a) There is hereby created in the state treasury the institute charter school capital construction assistance fund, referred to in this section as the "fund", that shall consist of one percent of the per pupil funding for institute charter schools that the state charter school institute withholds pursuant to section 22-30.5-513 (4) (a) (I.5) (B). The moneys in the fund shall be subject to annual appropriation by the general assembly to the institute for the direct and indirect costs associated with awarding grants and interest-free loans pursuant to this section to assist institute charter schools in meeting capital construction needs, including but not limited to obtaining financial assistance for capital construction through the "Building Excellent Schools Today Act", article 43.7 of this title, or repaying bonds issued by the Colorado educational and cultural facilities authority, created in section 23-15-104, C.R.S., for construction of institute charter school buildings.

(b) Any moneys in the fund not expended for the purpose of this section may be invested by the state treasurer as provided by law. All interest and income derived from the investment and deposit of moneys in the fund shall be credited to the fund. Any unexpended and unencumbered moneys remaining in the fund at the end of a fiscal year shall remain in the fund and shall not be credited or transferred to the general fund or another fund.

(2) An institute charter school that seeks a grant or an interest-free loan pursuant to this section shall submit to the state charter school institute, in accordance with the timelines and procedures adopted by rule of the institute board, an application that includes, at a minimum:

(a) For an institute charter school that seeks a grant or an interest-free loan to use as matching moneys to obtain financial assistance for capital construction through the "Building Excellent Schools Today Act", article 43.7 of this title:

(I) Evidence that the institute charter school meets the definition of a "charter school" specified in section 22-43.7-103 (7);

(II) A copy of the application that the institute charter school has submitted or is preparing to submit to the public school capital construction assistance board pursuant to section 22-43.7-109;

(III) An estimate of the amount of matching moneys, as defined in section 22-43.7-103 (11), that the public school capital construction assistance board will require, if known; and

(IV) Information concerning any other sources of funding available to the institute charter school;

(b) For an institute charter school that seeks a grant or an interest-free loan to use in repaying bonds or notes issued on the institute charter school's behalf by the Colorado educational and cultural facilities authority pursuant to article 15 of title 23, C.R.S.:

(I) Copies of the documents the institute charter school has submitted or will submit to the Colorado educational and cultural facilities authority to request issuance of the bonds or notes;

(II) The amount of bonds or notes issued or to be issued and the total amount the institute charter school is required to repay; and

(III) Information concerning any other source of funding available to the institute charter school; and

(c) For an institute charter school that seeks a grant or an interest-free loan to assist in meeting other capital construction costs:

(I) A description of the institute charter school's capital construction needs;

(II) A description of the capital construction project the institute charter school has undertaken or will undertake to meet its needs, including the estimated cost to complete the project; and

(III) Information concerning any other source of funding available to the institute charter school.

(3) The state charter school institute shall review each application received pursuant to subsection (2) of this section and shall recommend to the institute board those institute charter schools that should receive moneys pursuant to this section, whether the moneys should be awarded in the form of grants or interest-free loans, and the amounts of the grants or interest-free loans. In making its recommendations, the institute shall apply criteria adopted by rule of the institute board, which criteria shall prioritize applications based on the applicant's level of economic need and the viability and merit of the capital construction project.

(4) (a) The institute board shall consider the state charter school institute's recommendations and award grants and interest-free loans pursuant to this section to assist institute charter schools based on the level of economic need demonstrated by an applicant and the viability and merit of the capital construction project proposed in the application.

(b) If the institute board awards an interest-free loan to an institute charter school pursuant to this section, it shall set the terms of repayment with the institute charter school.

(c) The state charter school institute shall not pay a grant or an interest-free loan awarded pursuant to this section for use as matching moneys to obtain financial assistance for capital construction through the "Building Excellent Schools Today Act", article 43.7 of this title, until the recipient institute charter school provides proof that the public school capital construction assistance board has selected it to receive financial assistance pursuant to article 43.7 of this title.

(d) The state charter school institute shall not pay a grant or an interest-free loan awarded pursuant to this section for use in repaying bonds or notes issued by the Colorado educational and cultural facilities authority until the recipient institute charter school provides proof that the bonds or notes have been issued on the institute charter school's behalf.

(5) The institute board shall promulgate rules pursuant to the "State Administrative Procedure Act", article 4 of title 24, C.R.S., for the implementation of this section, including but not limited to rules specifying any information to be included in an application in addition to the information specified in subsection (2) of this section.

(6) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as creating an entitlement in an institute charter school for receipt of a grant or an interest-free loan from the fund, but awards of grants and interest-free loans shall be at the sole discretion of the institute board.

Source: L. 2009: Entire section added, (SB 09-089), ch. 440, p. 2437, § 5, effective June 4.

22-30.5-516. Notice of precollegiate admission guidelines - report to Colorado commission on higher education.

(1) The state charter school institute board shall adopt a policy on or before October 1, 2005, to:

(a) Provide on or before December 31 of each school year the names and mailing addresses of students enrolled in the eighth grade in institute charter schools to the Colorado commission on higher education for use in mailing the notice of postsecondary educational opportunities and higher education admission guidelines as required in section 23-1-119.1, C.R.S. (1) The state charter school institute board shall adopt a policy on or before October 1, 2005, to:

(a) Provide on or before December 31 of each school year the names and mailing addresses of students enrolled in the eighth grade in institute charter schools to the Colorado commission on higher education for use in mailing the notice of postsecondary educational opportunities and higher education admission guidelines as required in section 23-1-119.1, C.R.S.

(b) Include a provision in any contract entered into by an institute charter school with a college preparation program that the college preparation program shall provide to the Colorado commission on higher education, on or before December 31 of each school year, a report specifying each student, by unique identifying number, to the extent permissible by federal law, who was enrolled in the program during the previous school year; who completed the program during the previous school year; and who enrolled in an institution of higher education within six months after completing the program. The provisions of this paragraph (b) shall apply to contracts entered into or renewed on or after August 10, 2005.

Source: L. 2005: Entire section added, p. 446, § 3, effective August 8.

22-30.5-517. Institute charter school nutritional beverage policy.

(1) On or before July 1, 2009, the state charter school institute shall adopt and implement a policy that prohibits, except as described in subsection (2) of this section, an institute charter school from permitting the sale of beverages to students from any source, including but not limited to:

(a) School cafeterias;

(b) Vending machines;

(c) School stores; and

(d) Fund-raising activities conducted on school campuses.

(2) (a) On or before November 15, 2008, the institute board shall promulgate rules describing beverages that institute charter schools may permit to be sold to students. Each beverage described by the rules shall satisfy minimum nutritional standards for beverages, which standards are science-based and established by a national organization that:

(I) Establishes and promotes minimum nutritional standards for beverages served to students in schools; and

(II) Has set forth a memorandum of understanding between various interested entities, including representatives of the beverage industry, which memorandum of understanding sets forth guidelines for policies concerning beverages that school districts and schools may permit to be sold to students.

(b) On or before November 15, 2008, the institute board shall promulgate rules describing specific events occurring outside of the regular and extended school day, including but not limited to extracurricular competitions and performances, at which an institute charter school may permit to be sold to students beverages other than the beverages described by the rules promulgated by the institute board pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (2).

(3) (a) The policy adopted by the state charter school institute pursuant to subsection (1) of this section shall apply to all beverages sold on institute charter school campuses during regular and extended school days.

(b) For the purposes of this subsection (3), "extended school day" means the regular hours of operation for an institute charter school plus any time spent by students after such regular hours of operation for any purpose, including but not limited to participation in extracurricular activities or childcare programs.

(4) The provisions of this section shall apply to contracts entered into or renewed by the state charter school institute or an institute charter school on or after July 1, 2009.

Source: L. 2008: Entire section added, p. 643, § 6, effective August 5.

Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2008 act enacting this section, see section 1 of chapter 185, Session Laws of Colorado 2008.

22-30.5-518. Institute charter school food allergy and anaphylaxis management policy required.

(1) On or before July 1, 2010, the state charter school institute shall adopt and implement a policy for the management of food allergies and anaphylaxis among students enrolled in institute charter schools. The policy shall include, at a minimum, measures that satisfy the rules promulgated by the state board pursuant to section 22-2-135.

(2) (a) The policy adopted by the state charter school institute pursuant to subsection (1) of this section shall ensure that, prior to the beginning of each school year, each institute charter school provide notice to a parent or legal guardian of each student enrolled in the institute charter school of the policy. The notice shall include the standard form developed by the department of public health and environment pursuant to section 25-1.5-109, C.R.S., to allow the parent or legal guardian of a student with a known food allergy to provide to the institute charter school's administration the information that is described in section 22-2-135 (3) (b).

(b) The notice required by paragraph (a) of this subsection (2) shall include language that encourages parents and legal guardians of students for whom medication has been prescribed for treatment of a food allergy or anaphylaxis to give to the school nurse or other administrator of the student's school a supply of the medication unless the student has an approved treatment plan pursuant to section 22-1-119.5 that authorizes the student to self-administer the medication.

Source: L. 2009: Entire section added, (SB 09-226), ch. 245, p. 1105, § 4, effective August 5.

Editor's note: This section was added by a 2009 act that was passed without a safety clause. The act, or portions thereof, may not take effect if the people exercise their right to petition under article V, section 1 (3) of the state constitution. For further explanation concerning the effective date, see page ix of this volume.

Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2009 act adding this section, see section 1 of chapter 245, Session Laws of Colorado 2009.

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