Progression is the understanding of the relationship and sequence of objects, quantities, and events. Progression builds on the prior concepts of order and patterns and interactions to create complex interrelationships. Progressions provide the foundation for the concept of time and duration and change and transformation through the examination of initial understandings of cause and effect.
Progression can connect 8 of 10 content areas as detailed below.
Comprehensive Health and Physical Education
In comprehensive health and physical education, progression is a part of learning movements and how to safely use potentially dangerous products. Moreover, students combine movements, such as running and jumping, stopping and starting, throwing and catching, for smooth, controlled, and effective transitions that build toward increased performance, strategy, and enjoyment. Mastering progression fosters healthy behaviors with a variety of household products as well as comfort and effective movements for increased brain health and lifelong physical activity.
In dance, progression involves planning the steps for various dance styles and world dance. Students learn about progression by comparing structure, the use of elements and the meaning in dance. Application of progression skills is necessary for all process-based learning experiences.
Drama and Theatre Arts
In drama and theatre arts, progression involves acting out elements of a story in chronological order and demonstrating appropriate stage directions. Progression of dramatic elements is based upon cues that are scripted and predictable. Order and timing are fundamental elements of dramatic situations.
In mathematics, progressions describe the mathematical thinking processes in which student engage. For example, students follow a progression of thinking to solve problems and compare and orders numbers on a number line. Second graders create progressions of whole number quantities through measurement contexts such as time.
In music, progressions of a beginning musical composition rely on simple, ordered musical phrases and note arrangement. The ABA (verse and refrain) format follows a distinct pattern and progression and is the foundation for many musical genres.
Reading, Writing, and Communicating
In reading, writing, and communicating, progression is used to organize ideas. In second grade, this includes recounting and summarizing text using the knowledge that stories follow a specific sequence. In writing, students understand that their ideas need to follow a logical order.
In social studies, progression is used to order objects and events. Historians use chronology as a way to organize time; this allows for analysis of cause and effect, change over time, and continuity and change. Geographers also use progressions to examine patterns of change over time for geographic reasons. Progression provides a building block for understanding why change over time is significant.
In visual arts, progressions are used to create presentation-ready works of art. Planning out the progression of steps needed such as sketching out an idea, creating a first rendition and refining the details provide simple steps an artist may follow when creating an original piece of art.
Summary Document: All standards pages for progression